Queen's Sudan

Khedive's Sudan


Victoria Crosses Price Guide


The Queen's Sudan Medal 1896 - 1898
       The Queen's Sudan medal commemorates the forced expansion of the de facto British protectorate of Egypt to the south, into what at the time was a wholly independent Sudan.  The previous attempt by British and Egyptian forces to subdue and control these territories failed after the successful Dervish revolt led by Muhammad Ahmad  ("The Mahdi"), the climax of which was the defeat of General Gordon at the fall of Khartoum.
      Several situations contributed to the decision to initiate this new period of military action, which can be summarised as follows:
1).  The Italians, desiring colonial expansion, had decided to take over Abyssinia - unfortunately the locals had other ideas and the Italians faced unexpected ferocious fighting from the Abyssinians who had resisted the occupation. The Italians were routed at the battle of Adowa - this defeat weakened Italy and would have had ramifications within the delicate balance of power in Europe. Italy appealed for British help to divert the "Kalifa" ( Abdallahi ibn Muhammad "successor" to the Mahdi) from assisting the Abyssinians, by launching a British campaign in the Sudan.
2). Germany, France, Italy and Belgium had been expanding their African colonies with the possibility of further expansion of at least some of them into the Sudan. The British desired that Egypt should be in control of the Sudan territories.
4).  The British public had expressed simmering resentment for many years that the death of General Gordon had not been avenged.
5). The Kalifa had been portrayed as oppressive and cruel tyrant of Sudan and his displacement would certainly improve the lot of the average Sudanese.
      The campaign (often described as "The Reconquest of the Sudan") began on the 7th June 1896, initially mainly with Egyptian troops, but later reinforced with two British brigades - one of which was present at "The Atbara" and then both at Omdurman ( Khedive's Sudan medal "Khartoum" clasp)
    The 21st Lancers maiden charge was the particularly notable event of the Battle of Omdurman - The Lancers, spotting a group of several hundred Dervishes on an apparently open plain began a charge - unfortunately a concealed ravine containing about four thousand of the enemy suddenly came into view - unable to pull up or turn in time the Lancers galloped and tumbled into the ravine, many managing to keep going at the gallop straight through and out the other side, inflicting as much damages as they could with sword and lance en passant. It is also noted the chargers included a Lieutenant Winston Churchill who allegedly "shot his way through the enemy". There are a few other famous names that crop up in the campaign such as Captain D. Haig 7th Hussars, which can be found in the despatches.
      Description : Produced in silver and bronze 36.5mm diameter. Obverse; the crowned and veiled bust of Queen Victoria holding a sceptre, with the legend VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX. Reverse; a plinth inscribed SUDAN supported by Nile lilies, upon which is seated Victory, holding a laurel wreath in her left hand, and a palm branch in her right. British and Egyptian flags are present in the background.
    Clasps ; no clasps were issued with this medal.
    Ribbon: Half yellow (left) and black, with a thin red dividing centre stripe. This is allegedly symbolic of the desert (yellow), black (the Dervish Army) and the thin red line the British Army.
    Naming: engraved in square upright or sloping serif capitals. (see below) Indian issues in Queen's South Africa impressed styles or engraved in running script India Medal 1895 style. Medals to Egyptian troops can be encountered engraved in Arabic script.
  (Also see: Medals of the Regiments for qualification by regiment for British Infantry and Cavalry units.)
Queen's Sudan Medal 1896 - 1898




 ©     copyright digitally watermarked / filigrane numérique copyright    ©


Guide to British Medals Index Page

Site Home Page

© This website and its contents are copyright. Images are digitally watermarked  All Rights Reserved. ©