Detachment 1st Battalion 24th Regiment, 2 officers, 137 men. Royal Marine Light Infantry, 1 officer, 21 men. Frontier Armed Mounted Police, Artillery Troop, 2 officers, 41 men. Frontier Armed Mounted Police, 4 officers, 94 men.
Margin Note;
Detachment 24th Regiment, 1 officer, 60 men; 88th Connaught Rangers, 1 officer, 50 men; Frontier Armed Mounted Police Troop, 2 officers, 51 men; Royal Artillery, 10 men ; Naval Rocket Party, 1 officer, 12 men —total, 5 officers, 183 men
Margin Note.
* Artillery, 1 officer, 35 men— total 36; two 7-pounder guns. 24th Regiment, 2 officers, 113 men—total 115. Marines, 1 officer, 22 men—total 23. 88th. Regiment, 2 officers, 2 men—total 4, Frontier Armed Mounted Police, 2 officers, 69 men—total 71. Fingoes, 2 officers 700 men—total 702, or thereabouts.

Camp, Elliott's Division, Tshatstiowya, near Fort Bowker.  

January 1, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report that I marched with this division at 8 P.M. on the 29th ultimo for the purpose of co-operating with Captain Upcher, and intercepting Galekas, should any be found in the Bamca bush, as already reported.
    I proceeded about eight miles down the ridge, and halted for the night; marched at daylight the following morning, and took up a position on the east side of the Shixiwi, and watched the operations of Captain Upcher's division until I felt satisfied there were no enemies in the vicinity; and then started on a flying patrol; followed the direction of the river for about four miles; then turned towards the Bashee, crossed the Ngabara river, and ascended the Mbongo mountains from the south (the most assailable point); scoured that mountain, including the west bank of Bashee, and both banks of the Ngabara river, as far as the strength of the division would permit. The country is unusually heavy and close; we met no enemy in Galekaland ; with the exception of a few scouts (who were shot), but saw considerable numbers of them sitting on the spurs running up from the river in Bomvanoland. They succeeded in driving most of their cattle into the kloofs in that country, but we cut off 507 cattle and half a dozen horses, and about 100 goats.
   The Bashee now is no barrier, being so low as to be crossable in many places with dry feet. If rain does not soon fall, this river will cease to run, as is the case with all smaller ones. I got back to camp at 4 P.M. this day ; all the division being tired out; during our last two patrols the marches have been very severe, many of the native horses knocking up, and having to be left behind, of course not to be again seen by their owners.
   The only possible chance of coming into contact with the enemy is by rapid movement,  and even then they will accept or reject battle at their own option. If pressed, they disperse and cross the country like baboons, to reassemble if needed at any point in a wonderfully short time; but I think they are now getting tired of being hunted and losing stock. A considerable portion of the country through which the division passed, had not been previously patrolled, and we destroyed a large number of huts.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) H. G. ELLIOTT,
Commanding -
To Colonel Glyn, or Officer Commanding Forces, Ibeka.


Camp, Elliott's Division, near Fort Bowker, on road leading to Bashee Mouth.  

December 28, 1877.

     I HAVE the honour to report that this division marched from Bashee mouth at 5 A.M.. yesterday, and arrived here at 12.30 this morning I did not leave a detachment to guard sea drift of Bashee; the utmost force I could have detached for that purpose would have been so insignificant as only to have courted attack; besides which I was not in a position to provision it. I explained this to Commodore Sullivan, who kindly offered to protect the drift for three or four days (until I could communicate with you). The "Active" commands the drift far more effectually than any land force would do.
     I think it would be well if you were to communicate with the Commodore as early as possible, through the agent with Moni.
    Skirmishing commenced at 6 A.M. yesterday between my advance and flank guard and the enemy, and was kept up without intermission, till dark. The enemy were no sooner driven, from one position than they took up another, wearying and worrying men and horses. They suffered pretty heavy loss, 32 dead were counted (a son of Ngubo being amongst the number), and no doubt there were others.
    I regret having to report casualties in this force; private Edward Travers, No. 6 Troop, Frontier Armed Mounted Police, received a dangerous gunshot wound in the throat, and is now in a very precarious state; one native killed, and one wounded (two horses wounded).
    There being no surgeon with the division, I pushed into camp last night for the purpose of having Travers attended to.
    Men and horses require rest before again taking the field.
    The enemy appear to have changed their tactics; although we saw them in large numbers in no one place were they in strength; they occupy kloofs, bushes, long grass, and any cover they can find, always being ready to bolt when attacked. When pressed on the Bashee, they crossed into Bomvanoland, and looked at us, recrossing as soon as we retired. I was unable to get any stock, that is kept on the river, and driven over as soon as threatened, natives coming over from Bomvanoland to assist in hastening it through.
    I think all standing camps should have a gun.
    If the natives pursue their present mode of warfare, guns will be of little use in the field. What is required are long Sniders, long-range
    I think the enemy may be hemmed into the Blongo range, but to attack that position with my present force would, in my opinion, be to fritter away life without any adequate gain.
shall be ready to co-operate when directed.
I have, &c;,
(Signed). E.G. ELLIOTT,
To Colonel Glyn, Commanding  Transkeian Forces, Ibeka.


From Colonel Glyn, Commanding Transkei Force, to His Excellency The General Commanding. Camp, Ibeka,  
  January 12, 1878.

      I HAVE the honour to report that on the 6th instant, I started from my camping ground near the Shixiwi river, with the combined centre and
left columns, and marched to Malam's Station, and camped for the night.
    Captain Nixon, R.E., with his party had preceded me, and had selected a position and prepared plans for an entrenched post at that station.
     I sent out a strong patrol of Fingoes under Captain Tainton; towards the Imbongo mountain.
     I was here joined by Mr. Fuller of the Fingo Levies, who reported to me that Captain Wright, R.N., and Commandant Maclean, had failed to get on board the " Active," and that the boat which had come ashore with Lieutenant Davies, R.N., and some Port Elizabeth boatmen, had been capsized and one man drowned, and that these officers and men had been bivouacing on the beach.
    I immediately sent off some mounted Fingoes to inform Maclean I was coming to his assistance; these men however returned next morning, with reports of the presence of the enemy in too strong force for them to attack.
    Mr. Fuller also reported that his Fingoes, who were escorting 500 cattle lately captured, were constantly molested by small parties of the enemy. I ordered him to halt with his company and bivouac round his cattle about 3 miles from the camp.
   The following morning, the 7th instant, I continued my march, having left Captain Nixon, R.E., and his party, and 100 men under Captain Rainforth, at Malam's Mission, also the two guns, Frontier Armed Mounted Police—towards the Bashee, having sent Captain Upcher with 100 men forward so as to arrive near Mr. Fuller's camp before day-break, in hopes that the enemy might make an attempt to re-capture the cattle about dawn; this however they did not do. I
followed with the remainder about daylight.
    The enemy could be seen in small parties all round the hills. The Fingoes pursued them all that day towards Bashee, and it is reported killed one man.
    During our mid-day halt, Captain Wright, R.N., Lieutenant Davies, R.N., and the 7 men from the " Active," joined us, marching for Ibeka, accompanied by Commandant Maclean and Fingoes.
   Captain Wright proceeded on horseback to Ibeka; the others were carried on with us on the wagons, and forwarded in my mule cart to Ibeka
next day.
    After a hot and wearying march of 20 miles we arrived at a spot called Thompson's Shop - here the wagon road ends, and I bivouaced for the night.
    The following morning, the 8th, I pitched camp, and sent to Major Elliott and informed  him of my arrival, and sent out a patrol towards the Udwessa and burnt some kraals, but saw no enemy.
    The following day, the 9th, I sent out patrols (Fingoes), to the east and west of our position  they returned in the evening; and reported that numbers of Galekas with cattle were to be seen in the kloofs on the Bomvana side of the Bashees river.
   I received a letter from Major Elliott in the afternoon, informing me that Moni had promised to render every assistance to the troops, should they cross the Bashee.
    It was my intention as soon as Major Elliott had re-organized his column at Umtento, to direct him to work down the Bashee from the north, while I proceeded with my force from the Bashee mouth up the river, clearing the kloofs of enemy and cattle.
   This I think would finally have crushed the remainder of the Galeka tribe.
   That evening I received Your Excellency's despatch, directing the return of my column to Ibeka.
   At daybreak on the 10th I struck my camp and marched towards Ibeka Station, which march I accomplished in two days.
    I sent 100 men 24th Regiment from Malam's Station to the Idutywa.
    Major Owen, 88th Regiment, left my column on the morning of the 10th, to take command of the right column.
    This officer has afforded me every assistance since my arrival in the Transkei, and I take this opportunity of expressing to Your Excellency my approbation, of his services as Assistant Adjutant-General.
I enclose reports from Commandant Maclean, Captains Pattle and Tainton, of the Fingo Levies.
I have &c.
R. T. GLYN, Colonel Commanding:
Transkei Field Force.



Camp, Ibeka,


January 12, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report for your information, that in compliance with instructions, I joined Captain MacGregor's patrol of about 250 Fingoes, at the Chachaba Drift on the Kei, on the 25th ultimo, for the purpose of patrolling the Kei and Coganaba rivers.
    On 25th, the same day, I patrolled up a ridge and struck the road leading from Quintane to Kei mouth, and encamped for the night; having found no men, but having seen many vacated kraals, which we burnt.
    26th. Patrolled to the Ebb and Flow Drift on the Kei (leaving Mapassals people on our right having been ordered not to interfere with them), and then advanced in skirmishing order through the kloofs to the Kei mouth, where we remained for the night, having burnt down many kraals. Saw no enemy.
    27th. The patrol extended in skirmishing order over a. distance of about eight miles, and advanced to the Coganaba, where we encamped for the night, having seen no enemy and burned several vacant kraals.
    28th. Patrolled up the Coganaba to a place called Siboone, and met Feldtman's patrol. Leaving patrol there, I proceeded and joined your column. Returned to my patrol about noon, having received your order to join main column at Lusize, which I did, having seen no enemy. I burned several kraals.
     29th. Marched to Manubie forest. Advance company of my men under Captain MacGregor; saw cattle on the Cora. I sent three companies in pursuit, and they returned in the evening, having captured over 900 head of cattle, killed five of the enemy, and followed up the retreating foe to the Injura river.
    30th. Met Major Hopton's column at Lusize. Left there about noon, and crossed the Cora and Talani rivers, marching to the heads of the Injura rivers, where we found three head of cattle hamstrung; and encamped for the night. During the night sent on patrols in direction of Shixiwi, who returned before daybreak, reporting that they had seen nothing.
    31st. Patrolled down the Cora, Talani, and Injura to the sea—capturing 300 head of cattle—and exchanging a few shots with stray Galekas in the bush.
    1st January, 1878. Patrolled from Cora mouth to Shixiwi, having reported myself to you at Injura, where you instructed me how to proceed. Encamped for the night at Shixiwi, where I was joined by Pattle's division of Fingoes.
    2nd. Prtrolled through the country to the Nabara. Found nothing. Burned many kraals and some new huts.
    3rd. Companies, under Captains Woods, Fuller,  Davies, Tainton, and MacGregor, marched before daylight to operate against O'Dwessa Forest. Returned in the evening to my camp, reporting that they had been through different parts of the forest, and on the mouth of the Bashu and the Ebb and Flow Drift, and found no enemy; but Captain Davies' company found about 50 head of cattle concealed in the forest. A few Fingoes followed the spoor of the cattle from the Bashee Ebb and Flow Drift a short distance into Bomvana country; where they overtook cattle and several Galekas. They were, however, met by Langa, son of the chief Mooni, who informed them that those cattle had already been taken over by the resident (Flynn) on account of the Government, the previous day; and were not to be molested. The Fingoes left them in consequence.
    4th. Sent out patrols up ridge in direction of Bongo, overlooking Bashee. Patrol returned in the afternoon, reporting that they had seen many new huts on the opposite side of the Bashee, and large herds of cattle which doubtless belonged to Galekas, who had passed over. No enemy on this side. Burned some kraals.
    5th. Small parties of Fingoes sent out in different directions to scour the country. Captain Tainton and myself joining you at the Ebb and Flow on the Ncabara; then proceeded to the Bashee mouth with Captain Wright, R.N., and Captain Fuller, with an escort of six Fingoes, for the purpose of communicating with H.M.S. "Active." Remained there three days, through boat's crew under Lieutenant Davies being unable to return to ship owing to roughness of weather. One of the crew drowned in landing through boat upsetting.
   7th. Captain Davies, with 140 Fingoes, joined me as escort.
    8th. Started with Captain Wright, Lieutenant Davies, and boat's crew and escort, to join your column, which I expected at Fort Bowka. After a hard march—Lieutenant Davies and the others on foot—joined you at Badi, between Ncabara and Ncaba-naxa. Found that during my absence the remainder of my men, according to orders, had joined your column. During the day we saw several Galekas in the distance and exchanged a few shots with those on our right.
I have, &c.,
Commandant Fingoe Levies.
To Colonel Glyn, Commanding Transkei Forces.



Head Quarter Camp, Ibeka,


January 12, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report for the information of the officer commanding the forces, that according to your orders of the 6th instant, I proceeded with my company to the Bashee river drifts, opposite the Bongo mountains, for the purpose of stopping all traffic from and to Bomvanaland, and that on the afternoon of the same day, a number of Galikas, in all about 20 men, were sighted by us on approaching the Ngabara river, east side. The majority of these were mounted, and were busily engaged in carrying away grain; upon overtaking them and preventing their escape, I made enquiries and found that there were several of Sigidi's men amongst them: they all stated that they were Sigidi's people, and had crossed their boundary to attack Galekas about the Bongo and retake lost stock and revenge the death of their wives, &c., &c. Upon further enquiry I ascertained from these men, some of which are known to be Galekas, that Sigidi's people and Galekas have been and are still in constant correspondence. I told them to leave for their own country at once, as I had orders to shoot all Kaffirs who were not loyal, and were not willing to give themselves up to Government. Proceeding, from this I encamped near the Bongo mountain, on the road leading to Sigidi's country from Galikaland.
    On Monday the 7th, scouts were sent out early for the purpose of reconnoitring, and returned about mid-day, reporting that Galikas were in large numbers, together with their families secreted in bush about the Bongo hills. I immediately sent word to them, and offered Government terms, which were to be accepted, if at all, that day and the following. So that on Tuesday, the 8th, six Galekas with their families came into camp and surrendered themselves to Government, and gave up one gun. I forthwith gave them a pass to proceed to Ibeka, and instructed them to report themselves to the authorities at Malam's Camp.
    Wednesday 9th, scouts along Bashee river met and conversed with Galikas across river in Bomvanaland, who said that they were on their way to Mr. Cummings for the purpose of giving themselves up to Government, but were not allowed to cross the river, as my men had orders to fire upon all Kaffirs who attempted to do so. Large quantities of stock were seen in possession of these Galekas, and new huts were distributed on the hills on the east side of the Bashee overlooking the river.
   Thursday 10th, fresh spoors (foot prints) of stock that was driven through a drift on the Bashee leading from Bomvanaland to Sigidi's country, above the position of my camp, were struck by a patrol of a few men, who followed the same up to Sigidi's boundary; upon reaching this, these men saw three horses and foal which they captured and brought into camp, reporting the case to me. On the following day, Friday the11th, receiving your orders to proceed to Ibeka, I made an early move about 3 A.M. While halted at Shexini river, one man with a few companions of Sigidi's tribe came up, and produced a memorandum signed by Mr. Cumming, in charge, giving the number and description of horses taken by my men on the 10th instant; these being the same horses, I had them at once handed over to Klass, whose name was mentioned in the memorandum, and were taken away before my company left.
I have, &c.,
Captain No. 4 Company, 1st Division, Fingo Levies.
To Commandant Pattle, Fingo Levies.



Camp at Ibeka


January 12, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report that I joined the head-quarter column in the' camp near the Manubie Bush on the 29th ultimo, and at once took charge of the 2nd Division of the Fingo levy. On the morning of the 30th, Captain Fuller's Company scoured the Manubie Bush without meeting with the enemy or seeing any cattle, and encamped for the night near the mouth of the Quora river, the remainder of the division passing through the bush close to the Quora  river, and capturing on the opposite bank forty seven (47) head of cattle.
   At 4 A.M. on the 31st, I crossed the Quora river and scoured the country in the direction of the Jujugha and Shixini rivers, encamping for the night on the east bank of the Quora river. On the 1st January, further patrols were made, and the country carefully examined as far as the Nquabara river, where a halt was made for the night.
   During these two days, small parties of Galekas were occasionally seen, but they invariably attempted to escape; five were killed, and about twenty (20) horses, one gun and four hundred and sixty-five (465) head of cattle were captured, without any casualty on our side.
   During the 2nd and 3rd of January; the Dwessa Bush was examined, and fifty head of cattle taken.
   Captains Davies' and Fuller's Companies remained in the neighbourhood of the Bashee mouth till the 6th January, when the latter rejoined head-quarters at Malam's Mission Station, the former waiting close to the Bashee on the Nquebara ridge till the column halted there on the 7th instant. Small parties of the enemy were seen, and large numbers of cattle on the Bomvana side of the Bashee ; but although a few shots were exchanged between Fingoes and Galekas, no serious collision took place.
     On the 7th instant, Captain Tainton's Company which had joined the column on the 1st, proceeded to the Mbongo mountain. I enclose a report from Captain Tainton  giving details of his operations on that ridge. The division after remaining for two days in camp on the Nquabara ridge, marched for Malam's Mission Station on the 10th instant, and from thence proceeded to Ibeka on the 11th instant, when the Fingoes were allowed to proceed to their homes, with orders to turn out at once if required.
   Captain Feldtman's Company, which was temporarily attached to the 1st Division, left for Ibeka on the 5th instant. Patrols were, made along the banks of the Bashee on the 8th and 9th. but no cattle were captured, all having apparently been driven into Bomvanaland; a few Galekas were seen and three were killed, while two prisoners were made.
 I have, &c.,
(Signed) F. PATLE,
Commanding 2nd Division ,Fingo Levy.
To Colonel Glyn.


From Major Owen, 88th, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, to His Excellency Sir Arthur Cunnyghame, K.C.B.  

Camp, Nalaca Ridge,
Wednesday, January 8, 1878.

     I HAVE the honour to send extracts from my diary from the last date forwarded, viz., Friday, the 4th January.
     January 5. His Excellency the General and Staff arrived from the Ibeka, also Upcher's Column with the detached Infantry from the Head-quarter Column. Upcher halted on the banks of the river Shiclanie ; capital water there.
    The General with Colonel Glyn and Staff, rode over to Malan's Mission Station, and selected the ground for the entrenched camp there. Mr. Finn arrived from Bomvanoland with, two of Moni's sons, to have an interview with the General.
    January 6. The General and Staff, including Grenfel, left for the Idutcheya this morning; we, I mean the combined columns (head-quarter and left), marched to Malan's Mission Station this day. We found Captain Nixon, R.E., busily engaged with the necessary preparations for the intrenchments there. Mr. Fuller, one of the Officers of the Fingo Levies, arrived with the in intelligence that Captain Wright, R. N., and Commandant Maclean had failed in getting on board the "Active," and that the former had reported all the circumstances of the case in a letter to Colonel Glyn, which he (Mr. Fuller) had sent on to Ibeka, thinking the Colonel had gone there. On this information, Colonel Glyn at once despatched a party of Mounted Fingoes to inform Maclean that he was marching to his relief. This party however returned early the next morning, being scared with reports of the presence of the enemy, which they were not strong enough to tackle alone. Mr. Fuller also reported that his company of Fingoes had been harassed on their way down country by small bodies of the enemy; they (the Fingoes) were escorting 500 head of cattle taken by the Headquarter Column in the operations at the Udwessa Forest when Commandant  Maclean with his division of Fingoes made the reconnaissance from the south or coast side. Mr. Fuller had ridden on in advance of his party with this intelligence. Colonel Glyn at once ordered him to return to his company (they were about 170 strong), with instructions to halt about three miles from our camp, and bivouac round the cattle; calculating that the enemy would probably collect and attack this party at daybreak the following day, to try and recover their cattle. Colonel Glyn ordered Captain Upcher with a force of 100 men 24th Regiment, to start from our camp at 2 o'clock in the morning, so as to arrive at the Fingo camp just before daybreak. Colonel Glyn and Staff, with 120 mounted men, following an hour afterwards in advance of main body, and in time to be there just at the dawn. This idea was carried  out, but without the satisfaction of coming to close quarters with the enemy. Captain Upcher could distinctly see at daybreak small bodies of the enemy sitting on the hills all around: they immediately fled every direction on seeing  the red-coats, and were pursued by the Fingoes for the remainder of the day, occasionally exchanging long shots with them; only one Galeka found killed; no casualty on our side. After a long, hot, and tedious march of some 20 miles, during which the 24th Regiment marched splendidly (not a man falling out), we arrived at a point the farthest southward in the Bashee direction on which wagons can travel; here we bivouacked for the night, pitching our camp the next day. Water here is a long way off, and scarce, on account of the recent drought, but at ordinary times it would be good and abundant. I must mention that about seven miles from this we met Captain Wright, R.N., and Commandant Maclean with 350 Fingoes, who had been bivouacking on the beach at the Bashee mouth for four days. Lieutenant Davies, of H.M.S. "Active," and a boat's crew, consisting of one signal boy of H.M.S. "Active," and 6 Port  Elizabeth boatmen, had been upset in endeavouring to effect a landing at the Bashee mouth; the boat was completely turned over—the signal boy, I much regret to say, was drowned,  and his body never seen afterwards; the boat was recovered, but it was impossible to get back again to the ship. Lieutenant Davies and crew had therefore to remain on the beach for four days and nights, with Captain Wright and Commandant Maclean;. fortunately the latter had his Fingoes with him to guard the party in case of  attack. This party were dependent entirely on H.M.S. "Active " for provisions, and by the great exertions of Commodore Sullivan, these were successfully conveyed to them in barrels, &c. After four days, seeing it impossible to get back to the ship, Captain Wright decided on marching the whole party back to Ibeka, and fortunately fell in with Colonel Glyn's column at the place we had halted for the men's dinner. Captain Wright being on horseback, went on at once towards Ibeka, but Lieutenant Davies and party being much fatigued with their march of 20 miles, gladly accepted Colonel Glyn's offer of riding in our wagons to the camp, and being forwarded on in Colonel Glyn's mule wagon the next day.
    January 8. Lieutenant Davies and party left at daybreak this morning en route to Ibeka. Colonel Glyn sent a despatch to Major Elliott informing him of his arrival here with his column, and his readiness to cross the Bashee with it should it be necessary. Colonel Glyn sent out a patrol in the south-westerly direction; came across none of the enemy, but burnt several kraals.
    January 9. We have not received, any reply as yet from Major Elliott: expect to do so some time this afternoon. Two patrols at work to-day at the east and west of our position.
I have &c.
Major 88th, and Acting Assistant Adjutaut-General Transkei Field-Force.


From General Sir A. T. Cunynghame, K..C.B., to the Right Honourable the Secretary of State for War.  

Ibeka, Transkei, January 20, 1878.

1. I HAVE the honour now to place before you a full-report of the last operations performed by the combined forces under my command, now in Galekaland. '
2. On the 5th .instant I visited the columns I had  detached to the neighbourhood of the Bashee, and on the following day I returned to Ibeka, I then learnt that large bodies of the enemy, consisting, as it was supposed, of rebellious Gaikas from the Colony, had taken up their position in the large wooded kloofs on the Kei river, and in the Chechaba valley. I had previously ordered a small column under Major Hopton, to take position near the Qnintana mountain, to watch the Kei river, and I now at once directed the return of Colonel Glyn and his column to Ibeka from the Bashee, leaving a detachment towards the east of Galekaland in the Idytwa.
3. The troops under Colonel Glyn had cheerfully undergone excessive fatigues in the ravines of the Bashee, but with alacrity he rejoined my camp, on the evening of the 11th. Early on the morning of the 13th the troops marched to unite with the Quintana column, which was now under command of Major Owen—Major Hopton having been selected for special service on the other side of the Kei.
4. Scarcely had Colonel Glyn reached his camp, than my aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Coghill, reached him from me with certain intelligence of an intended attack by the enemy (vide enclosures A from Captain Robinson, and B from Major Owen). Recommencing his march with speed, he joined the column in advance, and united himself with Major Owen's column, and thus, it is most satisfactory to me to record, I was enabled to unite, precisely at the moment it was required, forces which, two days before, were so widely apart.
5. Major Owen reported that the enemy, from the forenoon  had been gathering on the heights on his front, and requested permission to advance, which was granted, and the advance of the entire force proceeded.
6. The enemy perceiving this, were not slow to take the initiative, but came forward in large masses, in a determined way at a run. I now refer you to enclosure C 'of Colonel Glyn's report as to the action, and which is perfectly explanatory of the whole of the proceedings. Perfect success was secured, to Her Majesty's arms, and which, but for the advancing darkness, would have proved even more disastrous to the enemy.
7. It is my duty to record for your especial consideration, and that of His Royal Highness the Field Marshal Commanding-in- Chief, the conduct on this, and all other occasions in which he has been employed, of Colonel Glyn—his energy, his forethought, his care of his troops, and readiness on all occasions to assist me in carrying out this, and every operation which has been placed in his hands.
8. To Major Owen my thanks are particularly due; he has assisted me in the staff duties of the army, both in the cis-Kei and trans-Kei, in a very satisfactory manner, constantly accompanying the column an their harassing evolutions ; and Colonel Glyn represents to me that nothing could have exceeded the  steadiness with which he conducted the advance of the young soldiers at the battle of Newmaka. Captain Upcher, commanding the left column, on this and previous occasions, has well performed his duty.
9. Most valuable assistance was rendered by the.Naval Brigade under Lieutenant Cochran, and the Royal Marines under Lieutenant Dowding.
10. I beg to record my gratitude to Commodore Sullivan, C.B., for having placed them at my disposal: the rocket practice especially was most effective.
11. To the officers of my- personal staff I am grateful, especially for their ready performance of the extraneous duties which I have been obliged to place under their charge;—taking charge of the Ordnance Department, Supply and Quartermaster-General's Department, which were severally performed by my Senior aide-de--camp Captain Grenfell, and Lieutenant Coghill; and I am happy to observe the terms in which Colonel Glyn records his thanks to Lieutenant Loring, my Naval aide-de-camp, for his services in the action.
12. Great credit is due to the Native Levies under Commandant Allan Maclean and Captain Feldtman (a native chief), for the admirable way in which they assisted on this occasion.
13. Finally, my thanks are due to the troops for the way in which they performed their duty when under fire, when employed against Her Majesty's enemies.
14. I enclose a list of the wounded, who are doing well.
15. Private John Kelly, 88th Regiment, has had his leg amputated at the hip, but there are hopes of his recovery.
16. I have received intelligence of further operations having taken place in the Chechaba valley, a column under command of Colonel Lambert, 88th Connaught Rangers, being there; and when I receive a detailed report, I will
forward it for your information.
17. I cannot close this report without alluding to Lieutenant Kell, 88th Regiment, who,—an infantry officer,—has got a field division of guns in excellent form for the field, superintending their horses and equipment, and who did good service on this occasion.
I have, &c.,
General Commanding.



Camp, Nymnkca, January 15, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report that at 11.30 A.M. on the 12th instant, I was informed by Mapassa, that the enemy had crossed the Kei near Tychaba, for the purpose of attacking Major Owen's camp. I at once sent an express to warn him.
    I insisted upon Mapassa taking precautions to have the drifts watched, which he did ; and one of the drifts being attacked, he drove the enemy back, killing two men.
    On arrival of Mr. Lundall, at 9 A.M. on the 13th instant, I returned to Major Owen's camp, and awaited your arrival there.
    Being placed in command of the camp when you went out to attack the enemy, I took every precaution for its safety, but the rapid and complete success of your force was such that the camp was never menaced.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) J. C. ROBINSON,
Captain R.A., Commanding Artillery, Frontier Armed Mounted. Police.
To Colonel Glyn, Commanding Troops, Transkei.


Camp, Cologha, January 14,1878.

1. I HAVE the honour to report for your information that on Sunday morning, at 2.30A.M., I received a despatch from Captain Robinson, R. A.,  who was temporarily Acting Resident at Mapassa's location, that the column under my command was to be attacked; that the enemy in strength -were crossing the Kei and that I might expect them at any moment. I at once sent on an express to His Excellency the General, reporting this, and sent my staff officer,.Lieutenant Thirkill, 88th Regiment, to quietly warn the men to be prepared to turn out at a moment's notice.
2. At daybreak I could distinctly, see them mustering on a hill, some two miles from my encampment.
3. Knowing that Colonel Glyn, with a column, was on the march from Ibeka, and that His Excellency the General would be certain to communicate the purport of my report to him, I waited Colonel Glyn's arrival, to obtain permission to attack the enemy at once. He arrived at the camp at 3.45 P.M. Having explained to Colonel Glyn my situation, and the position of the enemy, he at once ordered me to move forward to attack : my columns had been waiting under arms for this purpose from the time my scouts had reported the advanced guard of Colonel Glyn's column were in sight.
4. Briefly, the dispositions of my attacking column were as follows : —
On the right, infantry, 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment, under Lieutenant Cavaye, and blue jackets with rockets, under Sub-Lieutenant Cochrane, R.N, ; on the left, infantry, 88th Connaught Rangers, under Lieutenant Thirkill ; and rocket party, under Lieutenant Main, R.E. The two 7-pounder guns, R.A., under Lieutenant Kell, 88th Connaught Rangers, were at first distributed, one on the right, and one on the left ; but eventually both guns were brought to the left. The troop (No. 9) of Frontier Armed Mounted Police, under Inspector Bourne, on the extreme left, with Captain Feldtman's company of Fingoes on the extreme right, to protect flanks.
5. It is unnecessary for me to describe the subsequent movements of the force which took place under your command, and which resulted in the complete defeat of the enemy, after some two hours' hard fighting.
6. I would particularly wish to mention the good service performed by Lieutenant Main, R.E., in charge of the rocket trough, and of Sub- Lieutenant Cochran, R.N., in charge of the 24- pounder rocket tube ; their shooting was excellent, and its effect equally good on the enemy : also Lieutenant Kell, 88th Connaught Rangers, in command of two 7-pounder guns of the R.A., attached to my force. The shell firing was most effective, and conduced greatly to the success of the action. No. 9 Troop of Frontier Armed Mounted Police were first on the scene of action, and under the command of Inspector Bourne, did excellent service. Lieutenants Cavaye and Thirkill, commanding respectively the infantry of the 1st Battalion, 24th, and 88th, displayed perfect coolness and good judgment in the handling of their force, exposed to a severe fire of musketry. "Captain Feldtman with his sons are staunch allies, and with their Fingoes attached to my column did good service.
7. I enclose a rough pencil sketch, kindly executed by Lieutenant Main, R.E,, which will describe the general features of the position occupied respectively by ourselves and the enemy.
I have &c.,
(Signed) ARTHUR. ALLEN OWEN, Major
88th Connaught Rangers, Right Column,, Transkei.
To Colonel Glyn  24th Regiment, Commanding Transkei Field Force



From Colonel Glyn, Commanding Transkei Field Force, to Deputy- Adjutant General, King William's Town.  

Camp, January 17, 1878.

1. I HAVE the honour to state for the information of His Excellency the General Commanding, that on Sunday last, January 13, when in camp near Quintana mountains, I received a report from Lieutenant Coghill, that information had been received from Major Owen, commanding right column, that Kaffirs were in force at Cologha, and that he expected an attack on the camp.
2. I immediately struck tents, and proceeded to Major Owen's assistance.
3. On arriving at his camp, I found his column already prepared to move, and he informed me that Kaffirs were assembling in force on a hill about two miles from the camp, on the Kei river side.
4. I immediately ordered an attack, and leaving Captain Robinson, R.A., two guns, with 100 about Frontier Armed Mounted Police to defend the camp, Major Owen's strength as per margin N, advanced towards the enemy.
5. The ground was an undulating plain with deep kloofs on both sides, a small valley separating my position from that of the enemy ; on the left front a rocky ravine, covered with long grass, stones, and tangled underwood, afforded excellent cover for the enemy ; the right, was more open, and ended in a deep wooded kloof.
6. Major Owen, having my order to advance, arranged his column and attacked in the following order : —
On the right, one company, 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment, under Lieutenant Cavaye, 1st Battalion 24th Regiment; next to them, the Naval Brigade with 1 rocket tube, under Lieutenant Cochran ; in the centre, the guns with Royal Artillery, under Lieutenant Kell, Connaught Rangers ; next, rocket tube and party, 1st Battalion 24th Regiment, under Lieutenant Main, R.E., and one company, Connaught Rangers, under Lieutenant Thirkill, on the left. In the centre were about 30 of Commandant Maclean's Fingoes, who assisted in drawing the guns, &c.
7. On the way down I met Captain Feldtman, who told me he arranged to make his Fingoes retire to draw the enemy on ; this he did, his Fingoes retiring in a wooded kloof on the right, where, in company with Commandant Maclean's men, they did good service.
8. On the force advancing, I placed Inspector Chalmer's troop at the head of the kloof on the right to guard my right rear, in a position to prevent the enemy from threatening my rear, or making an attack upon the camp.
    Inspector Bourne was placed in a similar position on the left in direct eschellon, on the left of the advancing line, Captain Upcher with two Companies 24th Regiment, and Royal Marines under Lieutenant Dowding, R.M.L.I., I placed in support, under cover of some rising ground in rear of the line.
9. On mounting the crest of the hill, Major Owen ordered his men to halt and lie down. The enemy who were advancing, paused directly we appeared, and exactly at 4.30 P.M. the action commenced by a rocket fired by Lieutenant Main, R.E., which was a little high ; the second was most effective, lodging in the centre of the advancing enemy, and causing them to divide;  they rushed rapidly down the kloofs on the right and the left, and commenced a most determined attack on our front and flanks, creeping up in the long grass, and mounting the crest of the hill - Inspector Bourne's troop of Frontier Armed Mounted Police, commanded the kloof by which they advanced, and immediately opened fire; the whole line then advanced and engaged the enemy.
10. Observing that the enemy were concentrating on his left, Major Owen with the Connaught Rangers, changed his front half left, and attacked the strong position on the left,, already described, with a rush and a cheer. Finding his men were suffering from the severe fire, I ordered Captain Upcher's force up at once; they doubled up, and flanking the position occupied by the enemy, opened a hot fire. Major Owen requiring more men, I reinforced his Company of Connaught Rangers by the Mounted Infantry, 24th Regiment, under Lieutenant Clements, who rushed down a small dip on Major Owen's left, and their effective fire combined with the Connaught Rangers', and Captain Upcher's flank movement, caused the enemy to retreat. The Company 24th Regiment on the right, under Lieutenant Cavaye, with rocket party of blue jackets under Lieutenant Cochran, R.N., were also hotly engaged, out-flanked the enemy on the right, and they retreated in disorder, the guns and rockets playing on them as they retreated, causing them much loss.
11. Lieutenant Kell finding the left flank most threatened, moved his guns into a position, to command that flank, and subsequently moved, to the various points where he found his fire would be most effective.
12. On the extreme right-rear the enemy, who attempted to turn our flank on that side, were driven back by Inspector Chalmer's troop of Frontier Armed Mounted Police.
13. The Fingoes under Commandant Maclean, and Captain Feldtman were at this time most useful in following up the retreating enemy.
14. At 6 P.M. finding that the enemy was completely routed, and being some distance from our camp, and the night drawing on, I gave the order to re-assemble and return to camp, which, was reached about 7.15 P.M.
15. From the nature of the country it was impossible to ascertain the exact loss of the enemy; 50 dead bodies were, however, counted, and numbers of wounded were seen being carried off the field.
16. I regret to have to report that four of the Connaught Rangers were wounded, two severely, and one Fingoe; return appended.
17. I attach reports received from Major Owen and Captain Upcher, commanding the column, engaged, also one from Captain Robinson, R.A.
18. I fully agree in the remarks made by Major Owen and Captain Upcher on the conduct of the officers under their command, and I beg to bring them to the notice of His Excellency.
19. To Major Owen my thanks are due for the cool way in which he commanded his men under close fire. I desire to bring to the notice of His Excellency that Major Owen, assisted by Private Prendergast, Connaught Rangers,
removed Private Travers, Connaught Rangers, who, was severely wounded, when in front of the line, from under a very heavy fire.
20. Captain Upcher promptly obeyed my orders, and by his flank movement, conduced greatly to the success of the day.
21. To Captain Robinson, R.A., my thanks are due for the energy displayed by him in obtaining information of the gathering of the natives and of their intention to attack.
22. Captain Nixon, R.E., Lieutenant Morshead, 24th, Lieutenant Coghill, A.D.C. 24th, and Lieutenant Hodson, A.D.C. 24th, served on my personal staff, and my thanks are due to them for the assistance they gave me in carrying the various orders to different parts of the field.
23. Lieutenant Main's, R.E., rocket practice was excellent, and under the disadvantage of a defective rocket-trough, his effective fire was worthy of remark.
24. Lieutenant Kell, C.B., and the party of Royal Artillery under his command, worked their guns energetically, and inflicted serious loss on the enemy.
25. The mounted infantry 24th Regiment were well led by Lieutenant Clements, 24th.
26. The troops were ably assisted by the Naval Brigade under Lieutenant Cochran, R.N., and Royal Marine Light Infantry under Lieutenant Dowding; Lieutenant Loring, Naval A.D.C. attached to my personal staff, was also
27. Inspectors Chalmers and Bourne, and the Frontier Armed Mounted Police under their command, did good service in the positions in which I placed them.
28. To Commandant Maclean of the Fingoe Levy, my thanks are due, for his assistance during the engagement.
29. Captain Feldtman and his Levy also rendered me great assistance in following up the retreating enemy.
30. The officers of the Medical Staff rendered every assistance.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) B. T. Glyn, Colonel, Commanding Transkei Field Force.


FromOfficer Commanding Head 2nd Column, to Officer Commanding Transkei Field Force.  

Camp, Crouclia Shop,  January 17, 1878.

I HAVE the honour to report that the column N under my command, composed of detachments from 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment, and Royal Marines, Frontier Armed Mounted Police Troop, and Inspector Chalmer's Troop, Frontier Armed Mounted Police, marched from Ibeka at 5 A.M., 13th. January. After marching about six miles, halted two  hours for breakfast, and then proceeded past the Centain mountain, and had halted and commenced pitching camp and cooking men's dinners, when a messenger from Major Owen, giving information concerning the movements of the enemy, arrived. Tents were at once struck, and column hurried forward.
2. On arrival at camp of right column the troops at once moved forward, with the exception of Frontier Armed Mounted Police Artillery, which remained to protect camp.
3. Inspector Chalmer's troop was ordered to prevent enemy from outflanking our right, which at first it seemed probable would be attempted.
4. The detachment of 24th Regiment and Marines were ordered by Colonel Glyn to be kept in hand, and strike in when required. Soon after hearing the musketry fire, running up from right to left, Captain Nixon, R.E., brought orders from Colonel Glyn to move those troops towards  the left flank. On coming over a sharp rise we could see the enemy in considerable numbers in a strong position ; they opened a heavy musketry fire on us, and the 88th detachment on our immediate right.
5, The detachment extended from its right, and by a rapid advance, firing, succeeded in driving back the enemy in confusion. Inspector Bourne, Frontier Armed Mounted Police, on our left, asking for re-inforcements, Lieutenant
Ansty with one company, 1st battalion, 24th, Regiment was ordered to strengthen him. Owing to the formation of the ground, we were able to flank the enemy immediately in front of the 88th, and by our cross fire drive the Kaffirs from their position.
6. The men of the 24th Regiment and Royal Marines behaved splendidly; in spite of their long march, they came on for the last quarter of a mile at a steady double, and when hotly engaged did not fire except when ordered.
The total number of rounds fired by the detachment was 1,700. Lieutenants Dowding, Royal Marines, and Ansty, 1st battalion, 24th Regiment, commanded their companies with the greatest coolness and judgment, and both non-commissioned officers and men did their duty right well.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) RUSSELL UPCHER, Captain 1st Battalion, 24th Regiment,
Commanding 1st and 2nd Column.



Camp, Cologha, January 17, 1878.

    I HAVE the honour to report that on Tuesday, January 15th, I left Nynumaxa at 4 A.M., with the columns under my command, with the intention of co-operating in the attack of the Chachaba valley by the columns advancing. At about 7.30 the column arrived at the point of a ridge overlooking the Kei, and affording a good view of Chachala valley on either side. I halted the guns under Captain Robinson further back on the ridge, in a position which commanded a long reach of the Kei river. Kaffirs, being reported in the. bush below, ordered one of the guns down, and shelled the bush.
   At about 8.30 heavy firing was heard from the other side of the Kei. Kaffirs appeared on the other side driving their cattle along the ridge towards the drift, and soon tried to cross with their cattle, but were driven back by the rocket-party Naval Brigade.
     I despatched some Fingoes under Commandant Maclean after the cattle, supported by Inspector Chalmer's troop, Frontier Armed Mounted Police.
    They returned in the evening, having captured about 1,000 head of cattle, having killed seven Kaffirs, and losing three Fingoe horses killed, two Fingoes wounded in crossing the drift.
Seeing part of the Komgha column on the other side of the Kei, I requested Commandant Maclean to communicate with them. He did so, and found them to be volunteers under Captain Brabant, from East London, of whose cooperation in the attack I had not been informed.
   Of Colonel Lambert's column I saw nothing. Finding I could not be of any further use, I returned to my camp.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) E. T. Glyn, Colonel,
Commanding Transkei.
To His Excellency General Sir A. T. Cunynhame  K.G.B.


From Colonel Glyn, Commanding Transkei, to Deputy Adjutant-General, King. William's Town.  

Canp, January 17, 1878.

1. I HAVE the honor to report that this morning a large body of cattle having been seen by Major Owen's patrol being driven into a kloof on the Colonial side of the Kei, just above Ebb and Flow drift, I ordered Commandant Maclean and the Fingoe levy to go in search of them.
2. He crossed at the Ebb and Flow and entered the kloof on the lower side, being supported by Major Owen's guns and rocket-tube. On the approach of the Fingoes, the Kaffirs left the kloof with most of their cattle; the mounted Fingoes pursued them; as the Kaffirs left the kloof, a sharp skirmish ensued, in which four Gaikas were killed; the Fingoes returned, having captured 430 head of cattle and 700 sheep.
   An attempt was made by the Kaffirs to re-capture their cattle, which proved unsuccessful, they being driven back by the Fingoes.
   A large number of women were found in the bush, who stated that they had been driven out of the Chachaba the day before.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) R. T. GLYN,
Colonel Commanding Transkei Field Force.


From Colonel Gtyn, Commanding Transkei, to Deputy Adjutant-General, King William's Town.  
  Camp, Cologka, January, 18, 1878.

1. I HAVE the honour to report for the information of His Excellency the General Commanding, that on the 16th January, I despatched Major Owen's column to a position near the Ebb and Flow drift, distance about half a mile from the Kei river, from which he could prevent the enemy from driving their cattle across.
2. I sent Captain Upcher and 50 men of the 24th Regiment, at 2 A.M., for the purpose of occupying the ground before daylight, and observing the movements of the enemy; at daylight he came upon a few men, who on being fired at retreated into the bush.
3. On arriving on a small ridge overlooking the Kei, I observed Kaffirs driving cattle down the drift away from Captain Brabant's column, which we saw on the heights opposite.
4. On seeing our force the Kaffirs deserted their cattle in the bed of the river, and a body of them crossed and secreted themselves in the wooded kloofs on this side of the river.
5. I sent Commandant Maclean's Fingoes round from this side to attack the Kaffirs and take their cattle, supporting them by Captain Robinson's guns, which shelled the bush.
6. The Fingoes skirmished down until they reached the bed of the river, killing nine Kaffirs, and eventually taking the whole of their cattle, 700. They then crossed the river, and captured two herds of cattle on the other side.
7. About this time we saw Captain Brabant's Fingoes engaged with the enemy a little further down the river. I am unable to say with what result, as they did not communicate.
8. A good many women and children were seen in the bush.
9. It being an intensely hot day, I waited till the cool of the evening, and returned to my new camp about five miles from the Ebb and Flow drift.
I have, &c.,
(Signed) R. T. GLYN, Colonel Commanding Transkei Field Force



Site Home Page

Guide to British Medals
Index Page