Queen's Sudan

Khedive's Sudan


Victoria Crosses Price Guide



The Victoria Crosses of the Reconquest of the Sudan 1896 - 1898


Captain Paul Aloysius Kenna, 21st Lancers.



  On the 2nd September 1898, at the battle of Khartoum, Major Crole Wyndham's horse was killed in the charge of the 21st Lancers, and he was in a most dangerous position until Captain Kenna rode to him, and taking him up behind him, rode into safety. When the charge was over he returned, and assisted Lieutenant De Montmorency (V.C.), in his heroic endeavour to rescue the body of Lieutenant Grenfell.

  Major Kenna, born on August 16, 1862, is the son of Mr. James Kenna. Was educated at St. Augustine's College, Stonyhurst, and Sandhurst, passing from the latter into the 2nd West Indian Regiment in 1886. After two years' service in the West Indies and West Africa, joined the 21st Lancers. Served as Assistant Provost-Marshal in South Africa, 1899-1902. Served in Somaliland Campaign, 1904. Received the Royal Humane Society's Medal in 1895 for jumping off Carlisle Bridge into the Liffey to rescue a drowning man.

 Brigadier General Kenna Died of Wounds 30th August 1915 Gallipoli,  aged 53.  Commanding 3rd Mounted Brigade (secondary regiment: 21st Lancers)  Husband of Angela Mary Kenna, of Trowle House, Trowbridge, Wilts. Buried Lala Baba Cemetery - Grave Reference: II.A.1.


Lieutenant The Honourable Raymond Harvey Lodge Joseph de Montmorency, 21st Lancers.


   On the 2nd September 1898, during the battle of Khartoum, Lieutenant de Montmorency, when the charge of the 21st Lancers had taken place, returned to the help of Lieutenant R. G. Grenfell, who had fallen wounded and was lying surrounded by a number of Dervishes. Finding on reaching him that the officer was dead, he endeavoured to put the body on a horse, but the animal broke away and he would himself have been killed but for the help of Corporal Swarbrick and Captain Kenna (V.C.).

   He was son of the late General Viscount Frankfort de Montmorency, and was born on February 5, 1867. Entered the 21st Lancers September, 1887, became Lieutenant 1889, Adjutant 1893, Captain 1899. While serving in the Boer War, 1899-1902, he was killed on February 23, 1900, when in command of the corps of scouts which bore his name.


Private Thomas Byrne, 21st Lancers.


    On the 2nd September 1898, at the battle of Khartoum, during the celebrated charge of the 21st Lancers, Lieutenant the Honourable R. F. Molyneux had been wounded, dismounted and disarmed, and was being attacked by Dervishes. Byrne, though himself severely wounded, went to the officer's rescue, attacked those surrounding him, receiving another severe injury, and by his brave exertions enabled the officer to escape.

Captain Nevill  Maskelyne Smyth, 2nd Dragoon Guards.


    On September 2, 1898, at the battle of Khartoum, an Arab " ran amok " among the camp followers. Captain Smyth, seeing that some of them must be killed if he were not promptly stopped, rode up, met the Arab's charge and killed him, receiving a spear-wound in the arm. This gallant action saved at least one of the camp followers from death.

   Son of the late Sir Warington Smyth, F.R.S., of Marazion, in Cornwall, Major Smyth was born in London on August 14, 1868. Educated privately and at R.M.C., he joined the 2nd Dragoon Guards in 1888 at Sialkot, and served on the Afghan Frontier (Zhob Valley Expedition) in 1890; through the Dongola Expedition, 1896 ; (battles of Firket, and Hafir ; occupation of Dongola) ; Soudan Campaign, 1897 (bombardment of Metemmeh) ; battles of Atbara and of Khartoum ; Sudan Campaign, 1899 (battle of Gedid) ; Boer War, 1899-1902, serving in Major Lawley's column. Promoted Captain in December, 1897, Major in October, 1903.


Captain the Honourable Alexander Gore Arkwright Hore-Ruthven, 3rd Battalion the Highland Light Infantry.


   On the 22nd of September 1898, at the battle of Gedarif, an Egyptian officer had fallen wounded within fifty yards of the Dervishes who were advancing, firing and charging. Captain Hore-Ruthven picked him up and carried him towards the 16th Egyptian Battalion, several times laying down his burden to fire at the enemy, in order to keep them in check, and succeeded in getting him into safety.

   Born at Windsor, July 6, 1872, Captain the Hon. Hore-Ruthven is the son of the 8th Baron Ruthven. Educated at Eton, he joined the 3rd Battalion the Highland Light Infantry in 1891, was attached to the Egyptian Army in the Sudan in 1898, and during the battle of Gedarif and other engagements commanded the camel corps. Was three times mentioned in despatches. Gazetted to 79th Cameron Highlanders in 1899.



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