Canada General Service Medal 1866 - 1870

   Instituted  7th January 1899 and granted to all all officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of the regular and colonial forces who were employed in repelling the Fenian raids on the Canadian frontier in 1866 and 1870 or who were engaged in the Red River Expedition of 1870
     Description: 36mm diameter in silver, with a swivelling suspension. Obverse; the veiled, diademed bust of Queen Victoria and the Legend ' VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX' . Reverse depicts the old Canadian ensign within a wreath of maple with 'CANADA' above.
Bars  issued; (3) Fenian Raid 1866,  Fenian Raid 1870 and Red River 1870 *
Canadian Militia - Impressed in upper and lower case roman letters, later issues impressed in large sans-serif capitals
Imperial Units - engraved in sloping capitals or impressed in small sans-serif capitals
Ribbon; red with a central white stripe.

* The 'Red River 1870' bar is rare in combination with 'Fenian Raid 1870' due to the chronological overlap of the two separate campaigns.
16,121 medals were issued 15,300 to Canadian units ( 20:1)
The Canadian War Museum (unfortunately) released large numbers of original unnamed medals onto the market in the 70s and 80s - initially unmarked, but later releases were stamped 'CWM' or 'SPECIMEN'
(Also see: Medals of the Regiments for qualification by regiment for British units.)

Canada General Service Medal 1866

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Note the inscribed guide line (typically seen on engraved medals) on the above medal.
The Canadian  issues were hand stamped by an Ottawa contractor, and the letters tend to be slightly uneven.

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