Medals of the Regiments:
The Manchester Regiment

Manchester Regiment Cap Badge

awaiting more insignia pics
The pre-1923 cap badge of the regiment, the City of Manchester crest.  
Kipling and King 677 

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The Manchester Regiment

1756 - 1958
pre 1881 post 1881
63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot 1st Battalion, The Manchester Regiment
96th Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion, The Manchester Regiment
Earliest recognised formation: 63rd:  1756, when raised as the 2nd Battalion, 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot, redesignated the 63rd in 1758
96th: when raised 1824, but in 1874 the regiment was granted the lineage of an earlier "96th" regiment that had been disbanded in 1818. This earlier regiment was raised in 1798 as "The Minorca Regiment"* (became later "The Queen's Own German Regiment" as well as being numbered the 97th and 96th  ).
*Minorca was captured (again) by the British in 1798, and the Minorca Regiment was raised on the island from Swiss prisoners who had been previously sold by the French into the Spanish service.
Motto: Concilio et Labore
Regimental Journal:  The Manchester Regiment Gazette
WWI: Battle Honours; 72 Victoria Crosses; 11 Died; 13770
WWII:    Battle Honours;  50 Victoria Crosses; 0 Died; ???
Amalgamated: 1958, with The King's Regiment (Liverpool), to form The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool)
A 2nd Battalion of the 63rd existed 1804-1814, serving in the Walcheren Expedition (no campaign medals)

Capture of Martinique and Guadaloupe: 1st Battalion, 63rd Regiment, and The Egypt Campaign 1801 and the Peninsula War 1808 - 1814:  97th (The Queen's Own Germans) Regiment*

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814

1st/63rd Regiment



Total Medals Max clasps  
number: 4838 602  


97th Regiment*







Total Medals/
Max clasps
number: 72 6970 6336 88 / 6

*renumbered the 96th in 1816, disbanded 1818; lineage, honours etc. inherited by the new 96th in 1874.


Battle Honours:  Martinique1809 (63rd), Guadaloupe 1810 (63rd), Peninsula(96th); and a Sphinx superscribed "Egypt" was permitted to be borne on the colours(96th)


1st Maori War, New Zealand 1845-1847   96th Regiment

New Zealand Medal 1845-1866

reverse undated
number 27 estimated*

*The roll for this medal to the 96th has not survived (see note in WO100/18). About 3 medals are known to exist.


Battle Honour: New Zealand


Crimean War  1854 - 1856  63rd Regiment


Crimea Medal 1854 -56

Clasp: →..none...





Total Medals 
Number: ?920 774784 ???????? 



Battle Casualties;

Action.Killed Died of Wounds 'Wounded'Dangerously
Missing Total
The Battle of the Alma -- -- -- --
First bombardment of Sebastopol, first battle of Inkermann and minor actions 2- 5- -- -7
The Battle of Inkermann 16- 85- 34 4112
The Assault on the Quarries -- -- -- --
First Attack on the Redan -- -- -1 -1
Final Attack on the Redan 1- -1 32 -7
2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th Bombardments of Sebastopol and Minor Actions. 3- -1 713 -24
Magazine explosion at the French Siege Train -- -- -- --

Grand Total:     




Men who served in the Crimea also eligible for:

Turkish Crimea Medal 1855


Battle Honours:  Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol.


Afghan War 1878-1880  63rd Regiment

Afghanistan Medal 1878 -1880

clasp: ...none...
number: ???

Battle Honour:  Afghanistan 1879-80

1881: 63rd Regiment and the 96th Regiment now become 1st and 2nd Battalions, The Manchester Regiment.

Egypt Campaign 1882 Both battalions present.

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89

clasp: ...none...


battalion: 1st 2nd 1st 2nd
number: 677 760 0 2*

*2388 Pte. T. James and 2437 Pte. J. Plevin


Recipients also entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1882



Operations in the Miranzai Valley and Samana Heights 1891 2nd Battalion

India General Service Medal 1854


Samana 1891

number: 311



1900: Two further battalions of regulars raised  (3rd and 4th).  Both battalions were disbanded in 1906

Anglo - Boer War 1899 - 1902. 1st Battalion, entire war; 2nd Battalion April 1900 to the end of the war. Volunteer companies and drafts  from the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th and 6thVolunteer Battalions also served. Members of the regiment also served as mounted infantry (MI)

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902, with or without the King's South Africa Medal 1901 - 1902

Common clasps: Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902; also:

  1st 1st     MI 1st


Defence of Ladysmith

Relief of Ladysmith

Tugela Heights


Laing's Nek

number: ? ? ? ? scarce ?
clasp: MI 2nd (& MI ?) 1st      

Diamond Hill



  scarce ? ?      



Officers NCOs and Men
KIA & DOW/ DOD Wounded Missing / POW KIA & DOW Death from disease Wounded Missing / POW
1st Battalion
4 / - 15 - 75 78 145 5
2nd Battalion
2 4 - 7 39 19 10

VCs: 2;  Pitts,  Scott.   see VC page


Battle Honours: Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902


The Great War 1914 - 1918  ( 42 battalions; 27 served overseas:- )

Generally awarded the British War Medal & Victory Medal, men overseas prior to 1/1/1916 also a 1914 or 1914-15 Star.

Battalion → 1**  2 1/5* 1/6* 1/7* 1/8* 1/9* † 1/10* 2/5 2/6 2/7 2/8 2/9 † 2/10
date of first overseas service.
 (first theatre red x )
France & Flanders x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Gallipoli     x x x x x x            
Egypt & Palestine x   x x x x x x            
possible ?
1914 or 1914-15 x x                        
or 1914-15 only     x x x x x x            
VCs at a glance:                  
Extracted from : "Soldiers / Officers Died in the Great War" (consider approximate - in addition the regiment as a whole lost an additional 232 officers who are recorded with 'battalion not shown'  or with battalions not shown here, or who we have  not yet allocated a battalion.)
868 1134 513 692 607 598 445 485 245 261 315 125 238 120
(ORs only, officers included with 1st line territorials)

*These six 1st line Territorials arrived Egypt (from the UK)  25/9/1914, and then on to Gallipoli 6/5/1915  for 1/5-1/8 Btns., and 9/5/1915 for 1/9 and 1/10. Medal index cards for these units show the Gallipoli dates as entry into first war theatre, which are the dates we have used here.

**In India at the start, moved to France.

1/9th absorbed the 2/9th in France Feb 1918 to become the "9th". Casualty figures here are for the 1/9th and the 9th.

Regular Territorial Force New Armies Garrison.

Territorial Force War Medal 1914-19
 officers and men of the Manchester Regiment also qualified for this medal.


VCs: 11;      Smith,  Elstob,  Leach,  Hogan,   Mills,  Wilkinson,  Coverdale,   Evans,  Forshaw,  Stringer,  Kirk.    see VC page


Battle Honours: Great War: Mons; Givenchy 1914; Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918; Somme 1916, 1918; Hindenburg Line; Piave; Macedonia 1915-18; Gallipoli 1915; Megiddo; Baghdad.
 Le Cateau; Retreat from Mons; Marne 1914; Aisne 1914; La Bassée 1914; Armentières 1914; Neuve Chapelle; Gravenstafel; St Julien; Frezenberg; Bellewaarde; Aubers; Albert 1916, 1918; Bazentin; Delville Wood; Guillemont; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Le Transloy; Ancre Heights; Ancre 1916, 1918; Arras 1917, 1918; Scarpe 1917; Bullecourt; Messines 1917; Pilckem; Langemarck 1917; Menin Road; Polygon Wood; Broodseinde; Poelcapelle; Passchendaele; St Quentin; Bapaume 1918; Rosières; Lys; Kemmel; Amiens; Epéhy; Canal du Nord; St Quentin Canal; Beaurevoir; Cambrai 1918; Courtrai; Selle; Sambre; France and Flanders 1914-18; Vittorio Veneto; Italy 1917-18; Doiran 1917; Helles; Krithia; Suvla; Landing at Suvla; Scimitar Hill; Rumani; Egypt 1915-17; Sharon; Palestine 1918; Tigris 1916; Kut al Amara 1917; Mesopotamia 1916-18.


The Great War 1914 - 1918 


Battalion → 11 12* 13 16** 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1
1st City 2nd City 3rd City 4th City 5th City 6th City 7th City 8th City Oldham
date of first overseas service.
 (first theatre red x )
France & Flanders x x x x x x x x x x x x  
Gallipoli x
(Suvla via Mudros)
Egypt & Palestine x                        
Italy              x x x   x  
Macedonia     x                    
India                         x
possible ?
1914 or 1914-15                          
or 1914-15 only x x x x x x x x x x      
VCs at a glance:                    
Extracted from : "Soldiers / Officers Died in the Great War" (consider approximate - in addition the regiment as a whole lost an additional 232 officers who are recorded with 'battalion not shown'  or with battalions not shown here, or who we have  not yet allocated a battalion.)
717 1017 129 638 701 689 579 667 715 646 303 170 22

* 24/9/17: absorbed RHQ and two Squadrons of The Duke of Lancaster's Yeomanry.

**16th - 23rd Battalions AKA 1st - 8th "Manchester Pals", and 24th = "Oldham Pals"

Regular Territorial Force New Armies Garrison.

Mesopotamia & Persia 1919 - 20  2nd Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 -62



N.W. Persia

numbers: ??

The Battalion suffered heavy casualties 24th July 1920 at Hillah during the Arab uprising. Captain Henderson gained a posthumous VC on that day. (see below)

VCs: 1;   Henderson  see VC page


Saya San Rebellion, Burma.  2nd Battalion

India General Service Medal 1908


Burma 1930-32


Jewish / Arab unrest, Palestine 1936 - 39 1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 -62



numbers: ?

WW2 1939 - 1945  

Battalion → 1st 2nd 5th 8th 9th
campaign ↓          
France and Belgium 1940.
(Dunkirk )
  x x x x
North Africa & Middle East          
Far East x        
Burma   x      
Sicily / Italy       x x
N.W. Europe x        


  MG Battalion.
In Malaya at the start: 1st & 2nd Malaya Infantry Brigade, captured Singapore 14/2/42

Reformed in the UK by redesignation of the 6th

 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division  28/2/44-31/8/45 - NW Europe 27/6/44

MG Battalion.

GHQ BEF Troops for France and Belgium 1940

2nd Infantry Division
 11/11/41-31/8/45 (Burma)

127th Infantry Brigade
for France and Belgium 1940
127th Infantry Brigade
for France and Belgium 1940 to 6/5/40

Malta: 231st & 232nd Infantry Brigades 20/5/40-1/7/43

20th Indian Infantry Brigade, Egypt, Palestine, Italy. 2/7/43-17/9/44, then passed to 10 Corps for remainder (Italy)

MG Battalion.

GHQ BEF Troops for France and Belgium 1940
46th Infantry Division 15/7/44-31/8/45 (Italy)


WW2 Stars common to the Battalion. (excluding 39-45 star )
 Key: A = Africa, P = Pacific, B =  Burma, I = Italy,  F&G = France and Germany

  P or F&G B - I ??, I



Most also entitled to the 1939-45 War Medal and many the Defence Medal


Battle Honours: Dyle; Defence of Arras; Caen; Scheldt; Lower Maas; Roer; Reichswald; Gothic Line; Malta 1940; Kohima. Withdrawal to Escaut; Defence of Escaut; St Orner-La Bassée; Ypres-Comines Canal; Esquay; Falaise; Nederrijn; Walcheren Causeway; Flushing; Venlo Pocket; Ourthe; Rhineland; Goch; Weeze; Rhine; Ibbenburen; Dreirwalde; Aller; Bremen; North-West Europe 1940, 1944-5; Monte Gridolfo; Coriano; San Clemente; Gemmano Ridge; Montilgallo; Capture of Forli; Lamone Crossing; Lamone Bridgehead; Rimini Line; Montescudo; Cesena; Italy 1944; Singapore Island; Malaya 1941-2; North Arakan; Pinwe; Shwebo; Myinmu Bridgehead; Irrawaddy; Burma 1944-5.

1948: Regulars reduced to a single battalion (the 1st)

The Malaya Emergency: Operations against Communist insurgents. 1948-60 1st Battalion (1951-??)

General Service Medal 1918 - 62



number: ?

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Selected Links

The Regimental Museum. (Located in )


Selected Bibliography;

Author/ Ed.. Etc. Title Publisher
Major James Slack. The History of the late 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment.  263 pp. London: The Army and Navy Co-operative Society Ltd., printers, 1886.
Compiled by Col. H. C. Wylly, with illustrations by Gerald C. Hudson. History of The Manchester Regiment (late the 63rd and 96th Foot). 2 Volumes London: Forster
Groom & Co. Ltd., 1923-25
Compiled by Capt. G. L. Campbell. The Manchesters. A History of the Regular, Militia, Special Reserve, Territorial, and New Army Battalions since their formation; with a Record of the Officers now serving and the Honours and Casualties of the War of 1914-16.  179 pp. London: Picture Advertising Co., Ltd., 1916.
Lieut.-Commdr. A. C. Bell. History of the Manchester Regiment. First and Second Battalions 1922-1948. 554 pp. Altrincham: John Sherratt and Son, 1954.
edited by Wolmer Whyte The Manchester Regiment. (The Roll of the Drum Histories of the Regiments of the British Army ).95 pp. London: Hutchinson & Co. (Publishers) Ltd. [1941]
Compiled by Major A. W. Marden and Capt. and Adjt. W. P. E. Newbigging. Rough Diary of the Doings of the 1st Battn. Manchester Regt. during the South African War, 1899 to 1902. 151 pp.  Manchester: John Haywood [1902]
Brig. Gen. H. C. E. Westropp. To Manchester. A Tribute to 'The Fallen' and to 'The Spirit' of Her Great Regiment.  48 pp.  Manchester: Sherratt & Hughes, 1920,
??? History of 3rd (Militia) Battalion, the Manchester Regiment. 162 pp Typescript, 1937 ??
C. W. Cowell Records of the Mounted Infantry Company 2nd V.B. Manchester Regiment,  1887-1908.59 pp.. Manchester: J. H. Baxter, n.d. 59 pp
Compiled by Capt. H. C. Evans. Records of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, Manchester Regiment.   224 pp. Manchester: ??  1900.
Col. Sir Henry Darlington.With a Preface by Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton. Letters from Helles.   London:  [1/5th Battn. Manchester Regt.]. 154 pp. Longmans, Green & Co., 1936.
Gerald B. Hurst. With the Manchesters in the East.  104 pp. [Story of the 7th Battalion]. Manchester: University Press, 1918.
Capt. S. J. Wilson The Seventh Manchesters, July 1916 to March 1919.  162 pp. Manchester: University Press, 1920.
Michael Stedman The Manchester Pals. 240 pp Pen & Sword Books 2003


Additional Bibliography for this Page.

Author/Compiler Title Publisher
Officers of the Regiment. Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc. -
  Additional bibliography same as Northumberland Fusiliers page  



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