Back to the main Gloucestershire
1st Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment.
United States Presidential
Headquarters Eight United States Army Korea (EUSAK)
Office of the Commanding General KPO 301
General Orders Number 286
8 May, 1951
BATTLE HONOURS – CITATION OF UNITS
BATTLE HONOURS – By direction of the President, under the
provisions of Executive Order 9396(Sec 1, WD Bul. 22.1943),
superceding Executive Order 9075 (Sec.III, WD Bul.II, 1942) and
pursuant in authority in AR 260-15, the following units are
cited as public evidence of deserved honor and distinction. The
citation reads as follows:-
The 1ST BATTALION GLOUCESTERSHIRE REGIMENT,
BRITISH ARMY and TROOP C, 170TH INDEPENDENT MORTAR BATTERY,
ROYAL ARTILLERY, attached, are cited for exceptionally
outstanding performance of duty and extraordinary heroism in
action against the armed enemy near Solma-ri, Korea on the 23rd,
24th and 25th of April, 1951. The 1st BATTALION and TROOP C were
defending a very critical sector of the battle front during a
determined attack by the enemy. The defending units were
overwhelmingly outnumbered. The 83rd Chinese Communist Army
drove the full force of its savage assault at the positions held
by the 1st BATTALION, GLOUCESTERSHIRE REGIMENT and attached
unit. The route of supply ran Southeast from the battalion
between two hills. The hills dominated the surrounding terrain
northwest to the Imjin River. Enemy pressure built up on the
battalion front during the day 23 April. On 24 April the weight
of the attack had driven the right flank of the battalion back.
The pressure grew heavier and heavier and the battalion and
attached unit were forced into a perimeter defence on Hill 235.
During the night, heavy enemy forces had by-passed the staunch
defenders and closed all avenues of escape. The courageous
soldiers of the battalion and attached unit were holding the
critical route selected by the enemy for one column of the
general offensive designed to encircle and destroy 1st Corps.
These gallant soldiers would not retreat. As they were
compressed tighter and tighter in their perimeter defence, they
called for close-in air strikes to assist in holding firm.
Completely surrounded by tremendous numbers, these indomitable,
resolute, and tenacious soldiers fought back with unsurpassed
fortitude and courage. As ammunition ran low and the advancing
hordes moved closer and closer, these splendid soldiers fought
back viciously to prevent the enemy from overrunning the
position and moving rapidly to the south. Their heroic stand
provided the critically needed time to regroup other 1st Corps
units and block the southern advance of the enemy. Time and
again efforts were made to reach the battalion, but the enemy
strength blocked each effort. Without thought of defeat or
surrender, this heroic force demonstrated superb battlefield
courage and discipline. Every yard of ground they surrendered
was covered with enemy dead until the last gallant soldier of
the fighting battalion was over-powered by the final surge of
the enemy masses. The 1st BATTALION, GLOUCESTERSHIRE REGIMENT
and TROOP C, 170th INDEPENDENT MORTAR BATTERY displayed such
gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing
their mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions
as to set them apart and above other units participating in the
same battle. Their sustained brilliance in battle, their
resoluteness, and extraordinary heroism are in keeping with the
finest traditions of the renowned military forces of the British
Commonwealth, and reflect unsurpassed credit on these courageous
soldiers and their homeland.
By Command of Lieutenant General Van Fleet.
Leven C Allen
Major General US Army.
Chief of Staff.
L. W. Stanley
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