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The East Lancashire Regiment
Victoria Crosses, Crimea to WW2 |
30th Regiment||5th November 1854|
LG 4th June 1858:-
For having, at Inkermann, distinguished himself in front of his Regiment, by
jumping over a wall, in the face of two battalions of Russian infantry,
which were marching towards it, for the purpose of encouraging his comrades
by his example to advance against such heavy odds, which they did, and
succeeded in driving back both Battalions.
(Lieutenant and Adjutant, afterwards General, K.C.B.)
30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment
LIEUTENANT WALKER was awarded the Victoria Cross for a
particularly courageous action at the battle of Inkermann on November 5,
1854. When the alarm was given by the pickets, the 30th Regiment advanced in
two battalions, the right under Colonel Mauleverer, the left under Colonel
Petullo. Lieutenant Walker was with the former battalion, which moved
towards a low wall and lay down. Suddenly from out the thick fog, which had
been hanging over the ground since daylight, two heavy columns of Russian
Infantry appeared close upon them, and the 30th were ordered to open fire.
In those days it was the custom to pile arms at night before the men's
tents, and the stoppers of the rifles had been lost, causing the arms to
become wet and useless. With the Russians coming closer and closer, the
position became most critical, and under such disadvantages, there was a
possibility of the men becoming nervous and out-of-hand. It was at this
moment that Lieutenant Walker grasped the situation. He sprang up on the low
wall, and calling on his men to follow him with the bayonet, led them
straight at the Russian ranks. The suddenness of the appearance and attack
of our men, and the fact that they could not see how small our party really
was, caused a panic among the enemy, who, in spite of the exhortations of
their officers, turned and bolted, followed some distance by the intrepid
little party. The success of this affair was almost entirely due to the cool
and courageous conduct of Lieutenant Walker, who, by his splendid example
under sudden adverse circumstances, gave encouragement to his men, and
turned what might have proved a serious reverse into a brilliant episode of
Soon afterwards, Lieutenant Walker volunteered and led a party which
destroyed a Russian rifle pit, and for his conduct on this occasion was
promoted into the Buffs.
General Sir Mark Walker, son of Captain
Alexander Walker, of Gore Port, county Westmeath, a distinguished Peninsular
officer, was born on November 24, 1827. Educated at Portarlington, he
entered the army in 1846 and served as Adjutant of the 30th Regiment all
through the Crimean War. At the battle of Alma his horse was shot under him
and he was wounded. While serving in the trenches he was again wounded, this
time so seriously as to necessitate amputation of the right arm. Frequently
mentioned in despatches. Served through the China War of 1860 as Brigade
Major. Commanded a Brigade at Kamptu, 1875-9; at Aldershot, 1883-4; and
Gibraltar, 1884-8. Colonel of the Sherwood Foresters from 1900. He died at
Arlington Rectory, Barnstaple, on July 18, 1902, and is buried at
Folkestone, where he had lived for many years.
Second Afghan War
59th Regiment|| 24th October 1879|
Euston Henry Sartorius
LG 17th May 1881
For conspicuous bravery during the action at
Shah-jui, on the 24th October, 1879, in leading a party of five or six men
of the 59th Regiment against a body of the enemy, of unknown strength,
occupying an almost inaccessible position on the top of a precipitous hill.
The nature of the ground made any sort of regular formation
impossible, and Captain Sartorius had to bear the first brunt of the attack
from the whole body of the enemy, who fell upon him and his men as they
gained the top of the precipitous pathway; but the gallant and determined
bearing of this Officer, emulated as it was by his men, led to the most
perfect success, and the surviving occupants of the hill top, seven in
number, were all killed.
In this encounter Captain Sartorius was wounded by sword cuts
to both hands, and one of his men was killed.
Euston Henry Sartorius
(Captain, now Major-General, C.B.)
THIS gallant officer and his brother, Major-General R. W.
Sartorius, are both wearers of the Victoria Cross. On October 24, 1879,
Captain Sartorius behaved with conspicuous bravery during the action
of Shah-jui. The Ghilzais had prepared a surprise attack on the British
camp, but the information was brought to our command and the tables were
turned on the enemy. Captain Sartorius led a small party of only five or six
men, to a surprise attack on their stronghold at Tazi, on the top of an
almost inaccessible hill. First creeping up and dashing unawares on the
picket, the place was taken by assault with the loss of only one man.
Captain Sartorius was himself, however, severely wounded in both hands by
Born at Cintra, near Lisbon, in 1844, Captain Sartorius is the son of the
late Admiral of the Fleet, Sir G. R. Sartorius, G.C.B. Educated at Woolwich
and R.M. College, Sandhurst, he joined the 59th Regiment in 1862, and passed
Staff College. Besides being mentioned in despatches in the Afghan War, was
thanked by the Indian Government for his services on the Survey, and
obtained Brevet-Majority. Served in Egyptian War, 1882, D.A.A.G. ; Brevet
Lieut.-Colonel, and mentioned in despatches. Military attaché in Japan. For
saving the lives of three girls from drowning at Broadstairs, June 29, 1869,
received the Bronze Medal of the Royal Humane Society.
First World War
1st Battalion||1-2nd November 1914|
near Le Gheer,
Spencer John Bent
LG 8th December 1914
No. 8581, Drummer Spencer Jonn Bent, 1st Battalion, The East Lancashire
For conspicuous gallantry near Le Gheeron the night of the
lst-2nd November, when, after his Officer, Platoon Sergeant, and Section
Commander had been struck down, he took command, and, with great presence of
mind and coolness, succeeded in holding the position.
Drummer Bent had previously distinguished himself on two
occasions, 22nd and 24th October, by bringing up ammunition under a heavy
shell and rifle fire, and again, on the 3rd November, when he brought into
cover some wounded men who were lying exposed in the open.
1/5th Battalion||23 December 1915 |
Helles, Gallipoli, Turkey
Alfred Victor Smith
|LG 3rd March 1916|
Second Lieutenant Alfred Victor Smith, l/5th Battalion, The East
Lancashire Regiment, Territorial Force.
For most conspicuous bravery. He was in the act of
throwing a grenade when it slipped from his hand and fell to the
bottom of the trench, close to several of our officers and men.
He immediately shouted out a warning, and himself jumped clear
and into safety; but, seeing that the officers and men were
unable to get into cover, and knowing well that the grenade was
due to explode, he returned without any hesitation and flung
himself down on it. He was instantly killed by the explosion.
His magnificent act of self-sacrifice undoubtedly saved many
11th Battalion (Attached)||21 March 1918
Between Moyenneville and Ablainzevelle, France
Basil Arthur Horsfall
LG 21st May 1918
2nd Lt. Basil Arthur Horsfall, late E. Lanc. R.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. 2nd Lt.
Horsfall was in command of the centre platoon during an attack on our
When the enemy first attacked his three forward sections were
driven back and he was wounded in the head. Nevertheless, he immediately
organised the remainder of his men and made a counter-attack, which
recovered his original positions. On hearing that out of the remaining three
officers of his company two were killed and one wounded, he refused to go to
the dressing station, although his wound was severe. Later his platoon had
to be withdrawn to escape very heavy shell fire, but immediately the
shelling lifted he made a second counter-attack and again recovered his
positions. When the order to withdraw was given he was the last to leave his
position, and, although exhausted, said he could have held on if it had been
His conduct was a splendid example to his men, and he
showed throughout the utmost disregard of danger.
This very gallant officer was killed when retiring to
the positions in rear.
22nd December 1915|
East of Fonquevillers, France
LG 22nd May 1916
No. 5938 Private William Young, 8th (Service) Battalion,
East Lancashire Regiment.
For most conspicuous bravery. On seeing that his
Serjeant had been wounded he left his trench to attend to him under very
heavy fire. The wounded Non-Commissioned Officer requested Private Young to
get under cover, but he refused, and was almost immediately very seriously
wounded by having both jaws shattered. Notwithstanding his terrible
injuries, Private Young continued endeavouring to effect the rescue upon
which he had set his mind, and eventually succeeded with the aid of another
soldier. He then went unaided to the dressing station, where it was
discovered that he had also been wounded by a rifle bullet in the chest. The
great fortitude, determination, courage, and devotion to duty displayed by
this soldier could hardly be surpassed.
Second World War
31 May/1 June 1940|
near Dunkirk, France
Harold Marcus Ervine-Andrews
LG 26th July 1940
Lieutenant (acting Captain) (now Captain) Harold Marcus
ERVINE-ANDREWS, The East Lancashire Regiment.
For most conspicuous gallantry on active service on the night
of the 31st May/1st June, 1940. Captain Ervine-Andrews took over about a
thousand yards of the defences in front of Dunkirk, his line extending along
the Canal de Bergues, and the enemy attacked at dawn. For over ten hours,
notwithstanding intense artillery, mortar, and machine-gun fire, and in the
face of vastly superior enemy forces, Captain Ervine-Andrews and his company
The enemy, however, succeeded in crossing the canal on
both flanks; and, owing to superior enemy forces, a company of Captain
Ervine-Andrews' own battalion, which was despatched to protect his flanks,
was unable to gain contact with him. There being danger of one of his
platoons being driven in, he called for volunteers to fill the gap, and
then, going forward, climbed on to the top of a straw-roofed barn, from
which he engaged the enemy with rifle and light automatic fire, though, at
the time, the enemy were sending mortar-bombs and armour-piercing bullets
through the roof.
Captain Ervine-Andrews personally accounted for
seventeen of the enemy with his rifle, and for many more with a Bren gun.
Later, when the house which he held had been shattered by enemy fire and set
alight, and all his ammunition had been expended, he sent back his wounded
in the remaining carrier. Captain Ervine-Andrews then collected the
remaining eight men of his company from this forward position, and, when
almost completely surrounded, led them back to the cover afforded by the
company in the rear, swimming or wading up to the chin in water for over a
mile; having brought all that remained of 'his company safely back, he once
again took up position.
Throughout this action, Captain Ervine-Andrews displayed
courage, tenacity, and devotion to duty, worthy of the highest traditions of
the British Army, and his magnificent example imbued his own troops with the
dauntless fighting spirit which he himself displayed.
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