Medals of the Regiments:
The Argyll and Sutherland

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Cap Badge.

awaiting more insignia pics
The bonnet badge of the regiment, this general design in use from 1882, with a number of variants for regular and volunteer battalions. This Regular 'other ranks' white-metal example with a voided centre recorded by Bloomer as being  1900- 1959, although some economy issues during WW2 were produced in plastic.  
Kipling and King 698  and Bloomer 242 

© Images Copyright ©





The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

1794 - 2006
pre 1881 post 1881
91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot 1st Battalion, Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)
93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot 2nd Battalion, Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)
Earliest recognised formation: 91st: 1794 when raised as the 98th Argyllshire Highlanders Regiment of Foot, renumbered the 91st in 1796
93rd: 1799 when raised as the 93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot
Motto: Sans peur; Ne obliviscaris = Without fear ; Do not forget.
Regimental Journal:  The Thin Red Line
WWI: Battle Honours; 68 Victoria Crosses; 6 Died; 6900
WWII:    Battle Honours;  58 Victoria Crosses; 2 Died; ????
Amalgamated: Officially "united" in 2006 with The Royal Scots, The Royal Highland Fusiliers, The King's Own Scottish Borderers, The Black Watch and The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form The Royal Regiment of Scotland.
A 2nd Battalion of the 91st existed 1804-1815 and a Reserve Battalion 1842-1855, the latter having campaign medal qualifying service in the Kaffir Wars (see below)

 Peninsula War 1808 - 1814  1st Battalion, 91st Regiment.

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814








number: 95141 10514 195141  




Total Medals Max clasps    
number: 132161 177283 8   

Battle Honours: Roleica, Vimiera, Corunna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive,  Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula.


Battle of Waterloo 1815  1st Battalion, 91st Regiment.

Waterloo Medal 1815

Number : 890

1/91st not deployed directly in the Waterloo battle -  positioned at Hal to prevent any potential surprise attack in the direction of Brussels & the right flank. [4th Division (Collville) 6th British Brigade (Johnstone) with 2/35th, 54th and the 2/59th ]

Casualties:  1 rank and file killed; 2 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 1 sergeant and 6 rank and file wounded on the 26th June in the assault and taking of Cambray.



7th & 8th Kaffir Wars 1846 - 1853  91st Regiment: 1st Battalion and Reserve Battalion present (Battalions amalgamated 1855)

South Africa Medal 1834-53

number: 759

Battle Honours: South Africa 1846-7, South Africa 1851-2-3


Crimean War  1854 - 1856  93rd Regiment

"93rd, 93rd !, damn all that eagerness!"
Colin Campbell's command to restrain the 93rd from counter attacking the Russian Cavalry
 which had faltered and began to withdraw in the face of the "Thin Red Line"

"The Thin Red Line": Robert Gibb 1881
The Russian cavalry advance on the port of  Balaklava halted by the 93rd Highlanders.

Crimea Medal 1854 -56

Clasp: →..none...





Total Medals 
Number: ?823 approx 742 approx?* ?945** 

*small number of officers and odd men.  **Main roll figure only, excludes a considerable number on the supplementary roll.


Battle Casualties;

Action.Killed Died of Wounds 'Wounded'Dangerously
Missing Total
The Battle of the Alma 51 39- -- -45
First bombardment of Sebastopol, first battle of Inkermann and minor actions -- -- -- --
The Battle of Inkermann -- -- -- --
The Assault on the Quarries -- -- -- --
First Attack on the Redan -- -- 24 -6
Final Attack on the Redan 2- -- 43 -9
2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th Bombardments of Sebastopol and Minor Actions. 7- -4 2215 149
Magazine explosion at the French Siege Train -- -- -- --

Grand Total:     




Men who served in the Crimea also eligible for:

Turkish Crimea Medal 1855


Battle Honours:  Alma, Balaklava, Sevastopol.


Indian Mutiny 1857  93rd Regiment

Indian Mutiny Medal. 1857 -59

Relief of Lucknow
number: 963*955* 221091

*849 as two clasp medals


  VCs; 7:  Dunlay, Stewart, Grant,  MacKay,  Munro, Paton.    see VC page


Battle Honour: Lucknow


Ambela Campaign, Sittana 1863  93rd Regiment

India General Service Medal 1854 - 95



Number : ???

South Africa: Kaffir and Zulu Wars 1877-79  91st Regiment

South Africa Medal 1877-79

clasp: ...none....


number: 85 954 1039

Battle Honour:  South Africa 1879

1881; the 91st and 93rd Regiments now become the 1st and 2nd Battalions, Princess Louise's (Sutherland and Argyll Highlanders). Note: second part of the title reversed to read "Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders" later the same year.

Anglo - Boer War 1899 - 1902.  1st Battalion;  Nov 1899, to the end  war. Volunteer companies and drafts  from the Volunteer Battalions also served from 1900.

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902, with or without the King's South Africa Medal 1901 - 1902

Common clasps: Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902; also:


Modder River



number: ? ? ?      



Officers NCOs and Men
KIA & DOW/ DOD Wounded Missing / POW KIA & DOW Death from disease Wounded Missing & POW
4 / 2 14 - 85 52 208 3

Battle Honour: Modder River, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902. (1st Vol Btn: South Africa 1900-1902)


The Great War 1914 - 1918  ( 26 battalions; 11 served overseas:- )

Generally awarded the British War Medal & Victory Medal, men overseas prior to 1/1/1916 also a 1914 or 1914-15 Star.

Battalion → 1*  2 1/5 1/6 1/7 1/8 1/9** 10 11 12 14
Renfrewshire Argyllshire Dumbarton-
date of first overseas service.
 (first theatre red x )
France & Flanders x x x x x x x x x x x
Gallipoli     x
(via Mudros)
Egypt & Palestine     x                
Macedonia x                 x  
Italy       x              
possible ?
1914 or 1914-15   x                  
or 1914-15 only x   x x x x x x x x  
VCs at a glance:                
Extracted from : "Soldiers / Officers Died in the Great War" (consider approximate - in addition the regiment as a whole lost an additional   officers who are recorded with 'battalion not shown'  or with battalions not shown here, or who we have  not yet allocated a battalion.)
296 1193 435 357 960 850 192 954 840 221 327

*In India at the start, moved first to the UK

** 27/2/1916: Moved to base and used to supply drafts to other battalions

Regular Territorial Force New Armies Garrison.

Territorial Force War Medal 1914-19
19 officers and 116 men of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders also qualified for this medal.


VCs; 6: Henderson,  Buchan,  MacIntyre,  Bissett,  Liddell (RFC),  Graham (Att. MGC)  See VC page


Battle Honours: Great War: Mons; Le Cateau; Marne 1914, 1918; Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918; Loos; Somme 1916, 1918; Arras 1917, 1918; Cambrai 1917, 1918; Doiran 1917, 1918; Gaza.  Retreat from Mons; Aisne 1914; La Bassée 1914; Messines 1914, 1918; Armentières 1914; Gravenstafel; St Julien; Frezenberg; Bellewaarde; Festubert 1915; Albert 1916, 1918; Bazentin; Delville Wood; Pozières; FlersCourcelette; Morval; Le Transloy; Ancre Heights; Ancre 1916; Scarpe 1917, 1918; Arleux; Pilckem; Menin Road; Polygon Wood; Broodseinde; Poelcapelle; Passchendaele; St Quentin; Bapaume 1918; Rosières; Lys; Estaires; Hazebrouck; Bailleul; Kemmel; Béthune; Soissonais-Ourcq; Tardenois; Amiens; Hindenburg Line; Epéhy; Canal du Nord; St Quentin Canal; Beaurevoir; Courtrai; Selle; Sambre; France and Flanders 1914-18; Italy 1917-18; Struma; Macedonia 1915-18; Gallipoli 1915-16; Rumani; Egypt 1916; El Mughar; Nebi Samwil; Jaffa; Palestine 1917-18.

1921; Regimental title changed from "Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)" to "The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)"

Mohmand Campaign 1935 2nd Battalion.

India General Service Medal 1908

North West Frontier 1935
numbers: ?

Operations on the North West Frontier 1936-39 2nd Battalion

India General Service Medal 1936-39


North  West Frontier 1937-36

numbers: ?

Jewish / Arab unrest, Palestine 1936 - 39 1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 -62



numbers: ?

WW2 1939 - 1945  

Battalion → 1st 2nd* 6th  7th 8th
campaign ↓          
France and Belgium 1940.
(Dunkirk )
    x x x
North Africa & Middle East x     x x
Far East   x      
Sicily / Italy x     x x
N.W. Europe   x   x  


  Various Brigades and attachments:14th (Creforce), 16th, 8th & 9th Indian, 28th Infantry Brigades, 15th Army Group and 8th Army Troops:
 Served; Palestine, Egypt, Crete, Abyssinia, Italy.
12th Indian Infantry Brigade (stationed Malaya at the start), captured Singapore 15/2/42
Reformed in the UK by redesignation of the 15th Battalion:
227th Independent Infantry Brigade: NW Europe landed D-Day +12.
MG Btn.
France and Belgium under command GHQ BEF

Converted to RA (Anti-Tank role.)

154th Infantry Brigade, 51st Highland Div. France and Belgium (severe losses, Brigade reconstituted Aug 1940). Then served Egypt, Libya, N. Africa, Sicily, Italy, Returned to UK then NW Europe D-Day +4 154th Inf Bde 3/9/39-5/7/40.France and Belgium (severe losses, Brigade reconstituted Aug 1940)..... 1st Infantry Brigade
 (Guards), [sometime AKA  "1st Independent Brigade Group"] 25/12/42-16/2/43... And 36th Infantry Brigade 21/8/42-25/12/42, 16/2/43-27/2/43, 24/3/43-31/8/45

WW2 Stars common to the Battalion. (excluding 39-45 star )
 Key: A = Africa, P = Pacific, B =  Burma, I = Italy,  F&G = France and Germany

  A, I P or F&G - A, I, F&G A, I

* 2nd Btn: After the sinking by the Japanese of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, the 210 Royal Marine survivors that were picked up amalgamated with the 2nd Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. This unit was known as the Plymouth Argylls, but was destined to be short lived, being captured by the Japanese just 12 days after its formation.


VCs; 2: Campbell, Anderson.  See VC page



Most also entitled to the 1939-45 War Medal and many the Defence Medal


Battle Honours: Odon; Rhine; Sidi Barrani; El Alamein; Akarit; Longstop Hill 1943; Italy 1943-5; Crete; Grik Road; Malaya 1941-2. Somme 1940; Tourmauville Bridge; Caen; Esquay; Mont Pinçon; Quarry Hill; Estry; Falaise; Dives Crossing; Aart; Lower Maas; Meijel; Venlo Pocket; Ourthe; Rhineland; Reichswald; Uelzen; Artlenberg; North-West Europe 1940, 1944-5; Abyssinia 1941; Medenine; Djebel Azzag 1942; Kef Ouiba Pass; Mine de Sedjenane; Medjez Plain; North Africa 1940-3; Landing in Sicily; Gerbini; Adrano; Centuripe; Sicily 1943; Termoli; Sangro; Cassino II; Liri Valley; Aquino; Monte Casalino; Monte Spadura; Monte Grande; Senio; Santerno Crossing; Argenta Gap; Heraklion; Middle East 1941; North Malaya; Central Malaya; Ipoh; Slim River; Singapore Island.


Jewish / Arab Unrest,  Palestine 1945 - 48 1st  Battalion (1947)

General Service Medal 1918 -62

Palestine 1945-48
number: ?
1948: Regulars reduced to a single battalion (the 1st)

Korean War 1950 - 1953 1st Battalion

Queen's Korea Medal

number: ?
Casualties / Honours and Awards.  (extracted from "The 38th Parallel" Peter Gaston: Pub A.D. Hamilton Glasgow 1976  and the separate POW roll compiled by the same individual )


Casualties KIA or DOW Wounded POW
  41 ? 4
Honours and Awards: VC OBE MBEDSO Bar to MC MM US Silver / Bronze Star
number: 1 2 11 14 6 /  9


VCs; 1:  Muir  See VC page


Battle Honours : Pakchon; Korea 1950-1.


The Cyprus Emergency 1955 - 1960  1st Battalion  (February 1958 - February 1959)

General Service Medal 1918-62



number: ?

C.O.;  Lt. Col. C. P. Anderson.


Aden 1964 - 67  1st  Battalion (1967)

General Service Medal 1962-2007

South Arabia
number: ?

Northern Ireland; Operation Banner  1969-2007 1st Battalion (numerous tours 1972 -2001 )

General Service Medal 1962-2007


Northern Ireland


Iraq War, or Second Gulf War 2003-  1st Battalion; main deployments Operation Telic III & IV, 2004-?.   (20 Armoured Brigade and 1 Mechanised Brigade)

Iraq Medal 2003-

clasp: ....none....
19th Mar to Apr 2003
number: ? 7

© This website and its contents are copyright. Images are digitally watermarked. © North East Medals, All Rights Reserved




Selected Links

The Regimental Museum. (Located in )


Selected Bibliography;

Author/ Ed.. Etc. Title Publisher
Lieut.-Col. H. G. Robley and P. J. Aubin History of the 1st Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. Compiled from the Regimental Records and other authorities  Cape Town: Murray & St. Leger, printers, 1883
Arranged by G. L. Goff Historical Records of the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders, now the 1st Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders; containing an Account of the Formation of the Regiment in 1794 and of its subsequent Services to 1881.  361 pp. London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1891
Lieut.-Col. Percy Groves. (Illustrated by Harry Payne.) History of the 91st Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders, now the 1st Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 1794-1894.   43 pp. Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston, 1894.
R. A. Dunn-Pattison, late Lieutenant The History of the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders, now the 1st Battalion Princess Louis's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders).  413 pp. Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons, 1910
Brig. R. C. B. Anderson. History of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 1st Battalion, 1909-1939.192 pp. Edinburgh: privately printed by T. & A. Constable Ltd., 1954
Brig. R. C. B. Anderson. History of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 1st Battalion, 1939-1954. 304 pp. Edinburgh: T. & A. Constable Ltd., 1956
 Lt.-Col. F. C. C. Graham. History of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 1st Battalion (Princess Louise's), 1939-1945. 262 pp. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. [1948]
Roderick Hamilton Burgoyne. Historical Records of the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders; now the 2nd Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 430 pp London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1883.
Lieut.-Col. Percy Groves. Illustrated by Harry Payne. History of the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders, now the 2nd Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 1800-1895. 49 pp.  Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston, 1895
By Brig.-Gen. A. E. J. Cavendish
Am Reisimeid Chataich. The 93rd Sutherland Highlanders, now 2nd Bn. The Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's), 1799-1927.  446 pp.
Frome & London: Butler & Tanner Ltd.. Published privately, 1928
[By] Brig. I. MacA. Stewart History of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. 2nd Battalion (The Thin Red Line). Malayan Campaign, 1941-42. 171 pp.  London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. [1927]
Major W. L. McElwee 2nd Battalion (Reconstituted). European Campaign, 1944-45.   212 pp.  London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. [1949]
?? The Thin Red Line Almanac, 1908.  102 pp. Edinburgh: W. & A. K. Johnston Ltd., 1908.
 J. H. Stevenson The Story of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 91st and 93rd Foot. 72 pp. Glasgow: James Maclehose & Sons, 1915.
Lauchlan Maclean Watt. The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.   63 pp. Edinburgh: W. P. Nimmo, Hay & Mitchell [1916].
Capt. G. I. Malcolm. The History of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's), 1794-1930.  60 pp Edinburgh: M'Lagan & Cumming, printers, 1930
Lt.-Col. G. I. Malcolm of Poltalloch The History of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's),  1794-1949.   96 pp. Edinburgh: McLagan & Cumming Ltd., 1955.
Lt.-Col. G. I. Malcolm of Poltalloch The Argylls in Korea.   97 pp. London: Thos. Nelson & Sons Ltd. [1952].
Lieut.-Col. Herbert G. Sotheby The 10th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 1914-1919. 163 pp. London: John Murray, printed for private circulation, 1931
Edmund E. Dyer, Surgeon-Capt. The History of the Volunteers of Clackmannan and Kinross (7th V.B. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders). (South Africa, 1900-1902).   254 pp.  Alva: Printed by Robert Cunningham, 1907
Col. William Lamont Volunteer Memories. By Col. William Lamont, late Commanding 1st (Renfrewshire) Volunteer Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 196 pp James McKelvie & Sons Ltd., 1911
John Maclean. On Active Service with the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. A ranker's reminiscence and war notes. 6th Battalion. . 2 vols. : vol. 1, 94 pp.; vol. 2, 116 pp. Edinburgh: The Scottish Chronicle Press, 1926
By A. D. Morrison 7th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. The Great War, 1914-1919.  103 pp. [Alva: Robert Cunningham & Sons Ltd., c. 1925]
[Foreword signed A. D. Morrison] 7th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. To the Undying Memory of of the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and Men who fell during the Great War. .  56 pp., portraits. No imprint. [c. 1919].
Capt. Ian C. Cameron. History of the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, 7th Battalion from El Alamein to Germany. 242 pp.  London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. [1947]
? The 7th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (T.A.); their peacetime life, 1908-1958. 63 pp.  Glasgow: The Paramount Press [1958]


Additional Bibliography for this Page.

Author/Compiler Title Publisher
W.H. and K.D. Bloomer Scottish Regimental Badges 1793 - 1971 (73 plates of badges) Arms and Armour Press, London 1982
Officers of the Regiment. Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc. -
  Additional bibliography same as Northumberland Fusiliers page  



Site Home Page

Guide to British Medals

© This website and its contents are copyright. Images are digitally watermarked 
All Rights Reserved. North East Medals 2007 ©