Medals of the Regiments:
Royal Horse Guards (The Blues)

Royal Horse Guards Cap Badge
Royal Horse Guards bronzed cap badges GVR, GVIR and EIIR versions.
Kipling and King reference  731, 1877 and 1878

© Images Copyright ©



  Royal Horse Guards (The Blues)
1650 - 1969
Earliest recognised formation: 1650, as the "Regiment of Cuirassiers", which were raised at Newcastle and County Durham as a Parliamentary Regiment in preparation for the invasion of Scotland. After the necessary purging of its officers and their replacement with royalists, the regiment transferred to royal service at the Restoration. (1660)
Motto: Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense
Regimental Journal:  The Blues.
WWI: Battle Honours; 23 Victoria Crosses; 0 Died; 99
WWII: (As the Household Cavalry Regiment.) Battle Honours; 21 Victoria Crosses; 0 Died; ???
Amalgamated: 1969, with the (1st Royal) Dragoons to form The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)

Peninsula War 1808 - 1814

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814 clasps:

Total Medals Max Clasps
161 2 121117


Battle Honour: Peninsula.


Battle of Waterloo 1815

Waterloo Medal 1815

Number: 254

Casualties 16th, 17th & 18th June 1815 (extracted London Gazette 8/7/1815 & "Medals of the British Army: And how they were won" T. Carter 1861*)

Officers: 1 Major killed, 2 Lieutenant Colonels & 2 Lieutenants wounded, 1 Captain missing.

*Sergeants, Trumpeters, Drummers, Farriers and Rank and File:

Killed Wounded Missing
Died of wounds Suffered amputation Discharged Transferred to Veteran or Garrison Battalions Rejoined the Regiment Remaining in hospitals in April 1816 Total Rejoined the RegimentNot since heard of, supposed dead.
20 8 1 1 - 51 1 62 - 17

Horses: 42 killed, 15 wounded, 34 missing.

*Carter's figures are in turn extracted from the return prepared by the Adjutant-Generals office, 13th April 1816.

Battle Honour;  Waterloo.


Egypt Campaign 1882  (as part of the Household Cavalry Regiment with the 1st & 2nd Life Guards)

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89

Clasp: ...none...


Total medals
Number: 51* 106 157**
View the Roll

2 dead on the roll.   

* final number may be reduced by the second campaign below.

**clasps and total corrected for forfeited

Recipients also entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1882

Battle Honours: Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882


The Nile Expedition 1884-5   51 served in the Heavy Camel Regiment.

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89


The Nile 1884 -85

Abu Klea

Number: ? 46


Recipients who had not served in the earlier 1882 campaign would also be entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1884-6



South African War 1899 - 1902 or "Boer War"  (Main Body, Dec 1899 -November 1900 as part of the Household Cavalry Regiment with the 1st & 2nd Life Guards )

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902.



Cape Colony


Relief of Mafeking

Defence of Mafeking

Defence of Ladysmith

Relief of Ladysmith

number: 134 1 5 3 5 7

Tugela Heights

Relief of Kimberley


Orange Free State



number: 4 136 147 81 137 79




Laing's Nek

Diamond Hill



South Africa 1901

number: 101 7 69 104 14 1

South Africa 1902

Total Medals        
number: 3 292        
View the Roll


Officers NCOs and Men
KIA & DOW Wounded Death from disease KIA & DOW Death from disease Wounded Missing / POW
2 1 - 19 - 15 -

Battle Honours:  Relief of Kimberley; Paardeburg; South Africa 1899-1900.


The Great War 1914 - 1918  Served France and Flanders


One squadron of the Regiment arrived  France 16th August 1914 as a component of  the Household Cavalry Composite Regiment, with squadrons from the 1st and 2nd Life Guards. This configuration was broken up 11th November 1914 and the advance squadron reunited with the remainder of the regiment which had arrived in theatre 7th November 1914.  On the 10th March 1918 the regiment was converted to No.3 (Royal Horse Guards) Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment. The regiment returned to its normal cavalry designation in 1919.


Men landed France and Flanders prior to 1/1/1916 entitled to a 1914 or 1914-15 Star as appropriate. Also the British War Medal & Victory Medal


Soldiers/Officers Died records 77 other ranks and 22 officer deaths with the RHG and No.3, (RHG) Btn. GMGR.

Battle Honours: Le Cateau; Marne 1914; Messines 1914; Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917; Gheluvelt; Frezenberg; Loos; Arras 1917; Sambre; France and Flanders 1914-18. Mons; Retreat from Mons; Aisne 1914; Armentières 1914; Langemarck 1914; Nonne Bosschen; St Julien; Scarpe 1917; Broodseinde; Poelcapelle; Passchendaele; Hindenburg Line; Cambrai 1918.



Amalgamated with the Life Guards for WW2 to form the Household Cavalry Regiment (see The Life Guards page)



The Cyprus Emergency 1955 - 1960  (Feb 1956- June 1959)

General Service Medal 1918-62



number: ?

COs: Lt Col Marquis Arthur Valerian  Douro to March '58 then Lt. Col Hon Julian Berry.


© This website and its contents are copyright. Images are digitally watermarked. © North East Medals, All Rights Reserved




Selected Links

The Regimental Museum. (Located in )                               


Selected Bibliography;

Author Title Publisher
By Edmund Packe, late Captain, Royal Horse Guards. An Historical Record of the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards or Oxford Blues, its Services, and the Transactions in which it has been engaged, from its first Establishment to the Present Time. 150 pp.  London: William Clowes, 1834.


Additional Bibliography for this Page.

Author/Compiler Title Publisher
Officers of the Regiment. Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc. -
Stiles, Richard G.M.L. Mayhem in the Med  (Cyprus Emergency) Savannah Pub. London. 2005
  Additional bibliography same as Northumberland Fusiliers page  



Site Home Page

Guide to British Medals

© This website and its contents are copyright. Images are digitally watermarked 
All Rights Reserved. North East Medals 2007 ©