Medals of the Regiments:
1st Life Guards

1st Life Guards Cap BadgeGV Household Cavalry Cap BadgeHousehold Battalion Cap Badge.

1st Life Guards and composite regiment badges: Left; 1st Life Guards, bronzed finish, (Kipling and King 727). Middle; the generic Household Cavalry cap badge , "GV" type  bronzed finish,  (Kipling and King 729). Right; the cap badge of the WW1 war raised unit "The Household Battalion", bronze finish (Kipling and King 733) Although a separate entity the Household Battalion initially recruited from the reserve regiments of the Household Cavalry.

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  1st Life Guards
1788 - 1922
Earliest recognised formation: 1788, as the 1st Regiment of Life Guards, which came in to being during the reorganisation of the two troops of Horse Guards and two troops of Horse Grenadier Guards,- the 1st Life Guards being composed of the 1st troop of each of these two earlier units. These earlier units trace their origin back to 1661 as Royal mounted bodyguards.
Motto: Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense
Regimental Journal:  The Household Brigade Magazine
WWI:Battle Honours; 28Victoria Crosses; 0Died; 173
Amalgamated:1922 with the 2nd Life Guards to form The Life Guards

Peninsula War 1808 - 1814

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814 clasps:

Total MedalsMax clasps

* The regiment's surgeon M.L. Este, did receive a three clasp medal with "Egypt", but this earlier clasp was for service with the 3rd Foot Guards.


Battle Honour: Peninsula.


Battle of Waterloo 1815

Waterloo Medal 1815

Number: 265

Casualties 16th, 17th & 18th June 1815 (extracted London Gazette 8/7/1815 & "Medals of the British Army: And how they were won" T. Carter 1861*)

Officers:1 Major and 1 Captain killed, 2 Captains and 2 Cornets wounded.

*Sergeants, Trumpeters, Drummers, Farriers and Rank and File:

Killed Wounded Missing
Died of wounds Suffered amputation Discharged Transferred to Veteran or Garrison Battalions Rejoined the Regiment Remaining in hospitals in April 1816 Total Rejoined the RegimentNot since heard of, supposed dead.
25 3 2 - - 45 - 50 4 -

Horses: 48 killed, 21 wounded, 25 missing.

*Carter's figures are in turn  extracted from the return prepared by the Adjutant-Generals office, 13th April 1816.

Battle Honour;  Waterloo.


Egypt Campaign 1882  (as part of the Household Cavalry Regiment with the 2nd Life Guards and the Royal Horse Guards)

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89



Total medals
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11 dead on the roll.   

* final number may be reduced by the second campaign below.

Recipients also entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1882

Battle Honours: Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882


The Nile Expedition 1884-5   47 served in the Heavy Camel Regiment.

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89


The Nile 1884 -85

Abu Klea

Number:? 39

705 Tpr. W. Nicholson was killed at Abu Klea (Nicholson is also on the earlier campaign roll - see above) and 1019 Tpr. F. Woodhouse was wounded Abu Klea and died of wounds 19/1/1885.


Recipients who had not served in the earlier 1882 campaign would also be entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1884-6



South African War 1899 - 1902 or "Boer War"  (Main Body, Dec 1899 -November 1900 as part of the Household Cavalry Regiment with the 2nd Life Guards and the Royal Horse Guards)

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902.



Cape Colony



Defence of Mafeking
Relief of Ladysmith

Tugela Heights


Relief of Kimberley


Orange Free State








Diamond Hill


South Africa 1901

South Africa 1902

Total Medals
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*SA01/02 numbers only relate to the Queen's South Africa Medal.

**A small number of men listed with other units but with some service of unknown duration with the 1st Life Guards have been omitted.

several  King's South Africa Medals  are recorded

OfficersNCOs and Men
KIA & DOWWoundedDeath from disease KIA & DOWDeath from disease WoundedMissing / POW
--12159(14 captured at Sanna's post and released)

Battle Honours:  Relief of Kimberley; Paardeburg; South Africa 1899-1900.


The Great War 1914 - 1918.  Served France and Flanders


One squadron of the Regiment arrived  France 16th August 1914 as a component of  the Household Cavalry Composite Regiment, with one squadron each from the 2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards. This configuration was broken up 11th November 1914 and the advance squadron reunited with the remainder of the regiment which had arrived in theatre 7th November 1914.  On the 10th March 1918 the regiment was converted to No.1, (1st Life Guards) Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment. The regiment returned to its normal cavalry designation in 1919.


Men landed France and Flanders prior to 1/1/1916 entitled to a 1914 or 1914-15 Star as appropriate. Also the British War Medal & Victory Medal


Soldiers/Officers Died records 155 other ranks and 18 officer deaths with the 1st LG and No.1 (1LG) Btn. GMGR.

Battle Honours: Mons; Le Cateau; Marne 1914; Aisne 1914; Messines 1914; Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917; Somme 1916, 1918; Arras 1917, 1918; Hindenburg Line; France and Flanders 1914-18. Retreat from Mons; Armentières 1914; Langemarck 1914; Gheluvelt; Nonne Bosschen; St Julien; Frezenberg; Albert 1916; Scarpe 1917, 1918; Broodseinde; Poelcapelle; Passchendaele; Bapaume 1918; Epéhy; St Quentin Canal; Beaurevoir; Cambrai 1918; Selle.


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Selected Links

The Regimental Museum. (Located in )                               


Selected Bibliography;

  Historical Record of the Life Guards; containing an Account of the Formation of the Corps in the year 1660, and of its subsequent Services to 1835.  291 pp.Prepared for publication under the direction of the Adjutant General. London: printed by William Clowes and Sons 1835
Capt. C. W. Bell, A.E.C.The Story of the First Life Guards.  80 pp. London: George C. Harrap & Co. Ltd. [1922].
Capt. the Hon. E. H. Wyndham.War Diary of the 1st Life Guards. First Year, 1914-1915.   80 pp. [1915].
R. J. T. Hills, Squadron-Quartermaster Corporal.A Short History of The Life Guards.    Aldershot: Gale & Polden Ltd., 1933.
Commanding Officer and StaffThe Household Brigade Officer Cadet Battalion. History, Organization and Training. 68 pp. London: W. Straker, Ltd.
Henry Legge-BourkeThe King's Guards, Horse and Foot.169 ppLondon: Macdonald & Co. [1952].
Capt. Sir George Arthur, Bart.The Story of the Household Cavalry. late Second Life Guards.  2 vols. London: Archibald Constable & Co. Ltd., 1909.
Capt. Sir George Arthur, Bart. ,assisted by Capt. Shennan, Royal Horse Guards. The Story of the Household Cavalry. late Second Life Guards. Vol. 3. London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1926.
Col. the Hon. Humphrey WyndhamThe Household Cavalry At War: First Household Cavalry Regiment.   189 pp.Aldershot: Gale & Polden, Ltd., 1952
Roden Orde. The Household Cavalry at War: the Story of the Second Household Cavalry Regiment.  624 pp. Aldershot: Gale & Polden Ltd., 1953


Additional Bibliography for this Page.

Officers of the Regiment.Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc.-
 Additional bibliography same as Northumberland Fusiliers page  



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