Order of the Academic
Ordre des Palmes Académiques.
Created in 1808 by Napoleon to reward
services to the Universities and Academies. Later decrees broadened
the award to 'teaching and the development of knowledge' which
included teachers, researchers, scientists, historians etc.
This decoration did not become an 'order' proper until 4th October
General description: a pair
of curved fretwork palm and laurel braches (or pair of palms)
opposed and overlapping top and bottom. In silver or gold finish
with violet enamel highlights. (see table below for more detail)
Ribbon; Violet, 37mm wide initially, later issues 32mm.
|Date / notes
||division / class
|1808 - 1866
overlapping palm and olive branch, or two palm
||Officers of the
||gold embroidered cloth badge
| silver embroidered
|Officers of the Academies
|| blue and white silk
embroidered cloth badge
|1866 - 1955
overlapping palm and olive branch.
||Officer de l'instruction
||Gold finish violet enamel
badge, rosette on the ribbon
||Silver finish violet
officially became an 'Order' - described as a decoration
prior to this date)
overlapping palm branches
||Commandeur / Commander
||Badge of the order in gold
finish with violet enamels, wreath integrated into the
suspension & worn around the neck.
|Officier / Officer
||gold finish violet enamel
badge with rosette on the ribbon
|Chevalier / Knight
||silver finish violet enamel