The Syria - Cilicia and Levant
Medaille de Syrie - Cilicie et du Levant
Instituted on the 18th July 1922 for award to the French forces
that had taken part in military operations in Syria and Cilicia
- Territories which pre 1918 had been part of the Ottoman Empire,
but with the defeat of the Turks control had passed to France.
Interestingly the medal was resurrected in WW2 (by then obsolete) by
both the Vichy (with the issue of a bar) and the Free French Forces 1 (as
the Levant Medal ) for service in
A bronze medal of 30mm diameter 2, the obverse
depicting the helmeted figure of "la Repubique" with the engravers
signature "Georges Lemaire" at 8 o'clock. The reverse depicts a
fort, flags, gun and an anchor, one of the flags is inscribed "HONNEUR
ET PATRIE / SYRIE / CILICIE" - all under the inscription "LEVANT" at
12 o'clock. The suspension is formed from palm leaves and a crescent
bars issued ( all in the ornate, or "eastern" style ):
LEVANT (a bronze bar, for service between 11th November 1918
and the 20th October 1921)
LEVANT 1925 - 1926 (a gilt bar, for service between 21st July 1925 and the
30th September 1926)
LEVANT 1925-26 (variant of above)
LEVANT 1941 (Vichy, bar in silver)
Ribbon; white and pale blue horizontal stripes.
1. Manufactured in the United Kingdom by Gaunt.
2. A larger variant is also encountered, 36mm diameter.