Order of the Crown
Ordre de la Couronne
Instituted on the 15th of
October 1897 by King Leopold II, initially as an Order of his "Congo
but absorbed into the Belgian award system when the Congo became a
Belgian colony in 1908. Awarded to Belgians and foreign nationals
who distinguished themselves in artistic, literary and scientific
work, or in industrial and commercial enterprise. The order
can also be bestowed for meritorious services to Belgium or to
African civilisation, rewarding both military and civilian efforts.
The order has six classes, Grand Cordon, Grand Officer,
Commander, Officer, Knight and the sixth, Palmes of the Order of the
Crown. The sixth class can be awarded in gold and silver. There is
medal attached to the order in three classes, gold, silver
The badge of the order is a five "cleft armed" star in-filled
with a pentagonal pattern of intermediate rays. The blue enamel
central medallion bears an image of the royal crown on the obverse
side and a mirrored Leopold "L" royal monogram on the reverse side.
The officers badge is in gilt with a rosette on the ribbon
(illustrated) and the Knights in silver.
Ribbon: Dark red.