The Military Cross
In late 1914 a need was recognised for a warrant officers and
lower commissioned officers decoration similar in scope to the
Naval DSC but for the Army. In December 1914 the Military Cross
was instituted to recognise "distinguished services in times
of war of Officers of certain ranks in Our Army"
N The majority of Military Crosses were awarded
for gallantry, but the decoration could also be granted for
"distinguished and meritorious service", and
many were awarded in new year and birthday honours to serving
army officers. In 1917 it was decided
to restrict the decoration as far as possible to the "Fighting
Services", and in the same year extending it to acting and
temporary Majors not above substantive rank of Captain. A
further change in 1920 defined the cross as almost exclusively a
bravery award "for gallant and distinguished services in
action" The general conditions for the award
remained like this until the review of United Kingdom gallantry
awards in 1993, when the cross was extended to all ranks upon
the obsolescence of the other ranks only gallantry decoration,
the Military Medal.
Description: A silver Greek cross
with splayed ends to the arms, suspended by a ring from a plain
rectangular slotted ribbon suspension. Obverse; at the centre a
smaller Greek cross mounted with the royal cypher of the
reigning monarch, at the ends of the cross arms an imperial
crown, rotated as appropriate for each arm. Reverse; plain until
1938, when the year of the act of bravery it commemorates was
engraved on the bottom of the lower arm.
Bars: a ribbon bar was issued for subsequent awards.
Naming: issued unnamed, but frequently encountered unofficially
engraved in various styles with the recipients details.
Numbers Awarded WW1, WW2 & Korea
|1st World War
|2nd World War
White with a central purple stripe.
|Temp. 2nd Lt. (actg.
James William Bell, Manch. R.
T./2nd Lt. Alfred Dunston Adams,
List, attd. Bord. R.
Lt. W. Wormald
|LG 18th July 1917
LG 14th September 1917
|For conspicuous gallantry
He led a composite party, under severe artillery,
machine gun and rifle fire, to attack a strong point,
and, although wounded and driven back, he repeatedly
renewed his attempts, and finally, unable to advance, he
assumed a commanding position, in spite of heavy fire,
opposite the strong point.
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when in
charge of an advanced post. He held it for a
considerable time under heavy hostile fire of all
descriptions, and in spite of many casualties. Being
eventually compelled to retire, he carried out the
operation very pluckily, and held his men together on
the new line for thirty hours. He has previously
displayed the utmost gallantry under fire, and has
consistently set a splendid example to his men.
|On the 6th June 1944, Lt. Wormald
commanded a column of swimming tanks. The lowering point
from which his column was launched was at a distance of
5,000 yards from the beaches. The sea was exceptionally
rough and the beach enveloped in smoke. Under conditions
of great danger and exceptional difficulty this Officer
navigated his column with consummate skill and accuracy,
pursuing an unswerving course through a continual hail
of shell and mortar fire, until he reached the belt of
mined obstructions. Threading his way through these he
succeeded in touching down in a position from which with
great rapidity he was able to bring most effective fire
upon the enemy defences. Lt. Wormald's bold leadership
and superb offensive spirit were largely responsible for
maintaining the momentum of the assault force against
the strong points on shore, and thereby assured the
successful advance of the infantry to seize their