Medals of the Regiments:
The South Staffordshire Regiment

 
  
 
Above "King's crown" cap badge for the South Staffordshire Regiment,
as worn 1901-1953.
 
 

Images Copyright

 
 
  The South Staffordshire Regiment
1705 - 1959
 
 
 
Titles
pre 1881post 1881
38th (1st Staffordshire ) Regiment of Foot 1st Battalion the South Staffordshire Regiment.
80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot2nd Battalion the South Staffordshire Regiment.
 
Earliest recognised formation: 1705 for the 38th Regiment & 1793 for the 80th.
 
Motto: ??
 
Regimental Journal:  The Knot
 
WWI:Battle Honours; 66Victoria Crosses; 3Died; 6357
WWII:    Battle Honours; 12Victoria Crosses; 3Died; 1110
 
Amalgamated:1959, with the  North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) to become  "The Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's)". - although it is noted that the 5th battalion did continue to be titled the "South Staffordshire Regiment" for a few more years after this date.
 
 
 
 

Egypt Campaign 1801 and the Peninsula War 1808 - 1814  80th Regiment. 38th Regiment.

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814 clasps:

38th Regiment
Total MedalsMax claspsEgyptRoleiaVimeraCorunnaTalaveraBusacoFuentes
d' Onor
BadajosSalamancaVittoriaSt. SebastianNivelleNiveToulouse
2439-3965851262867165119134233812
80th Regiment
727--1----------

 

The unique two clasp medal to the 80th was claimed by Captain John St. George, Aide-de-camp to General Bentinck.

 

 

 
 
 

First Anglo-Burmese War 1824-1826  38th Regiment.

Army of India Medal 1799 - 1826

clasp:

Ava

numbers:119
 
 
 

The First Sikh War 1845 - 1846.  80th Regiment.

The Sutlej Medal 1845 -46

Battle
Date
Moodkee 1845
18/12/1845

Ferozeshuhur

21-22/12/1845

Aliwal

28/01/1846

Sobraon

10/02/1846

numbers:(824) 81724 (6)694 (?)
 

A recipients first battle corresponds to the medal reverse type, followed by clasp(s) for subsequent battles. Figure for Aliwal are total medal reverses and clasps.  Medal reverses are in brackets.

 
 
 

Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852-1853  80th Regiment.

India General Service Medal 1854 - 95

clasp:

Pegu

numbers:?
 

The regimental history records the casualties as 9 men and a Colour  Sergeant killed in action.. A further 347 allegedly died during or shortly after from disease contracted during the campaign. 

 
 
 

Crimean War  1854 - 1856 38th Regiment 

Crimea Medal 1854 -56

 
Clasp: →..none...

Alma

Balaklava

Inkermann

Sebastopol

Total Medals
Number:??41 *??1563
 

* The Regimental History (Vale) states "On the 25th October 1854, occurred the battle of Balaclava with its two famous cavalry charges and the celebrated 'Thin red line' defence by the 93rd Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders, who had with them some convalescents from the port including an officer and forty other ranks of the 38thThis figure of 41 is confirmed exactly on the Crimea roll for the 38th.

 
 

Battle Casualties;

Action.Killed"Wounded"Dangerously
Wounded
Severely
Wounded
Slightly
Wounded
Missing
First bombardment of Sebastopol, first battle of Inkermann and minor actions111--2-
The Assault on the Quarries----2-
The First Attack on the Redan 18- 695 235
2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and final bombardments of Sebastopol and minor actions 7-23944-
       

Grand Total:  253    

Men who served in the Crimea also eligible for:

Turkish Crimea Medal 1855

 

 

 
 

India Mutiny 1857  38th Regiment and 80th Regiment.

India Mutiny Medal. 1857 -59

38th Regiment.
clasp:...none...

Lucknow

Central India

Total Medals
number:4899211040
80th Regiment.
 652-160812
 
 
 
 

Bhootan Campaign 1864- 1866  80th Regiment

India General Service Medal 1854 - 95

clasp:

Bhootan

numbers :?*
 

*three companies were deployed but did not see any fighting.

 
 
 

Perak Campaign 1874-1876  80th Regiment

India General Service Medal 1854 - 95

clasp:

Perak

numbers :558*
 

* This is extracted from the sterling work by Alan Harfield "British & Indian Armies in the East Indies 1685-1935", (Picton Publishing 1984) which has a large section devoted to the Perak campaign and reproduces the Army roll for the Perak clasp.

 
 
 

South Africa and the Zulu War 1876-79 80th Regiment.

South Africa Medal 1877-79

clasp:...none....

1878

1878-9

1879

total
numbers :1212946261981239
 
 
 Intombi River
12/3/1879
Isandhlwana
 22/1/1879
Ulundi
 4/7/1879
Killed in action627 ?2
VCs11-
 
 

Two officers are also recorded for 'no clasp' medals from the 38th Regiment: Capt M.S. Crofton & Lieut. A. G.  St George.

 
Titled "The South Staffordshire Regiment" (1st and 2nd Battalions) in 1881
 

Egypt Campaign 1882 and 1884-85 1st Battalion

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89

1882 Campaign
clasp:....none....

Tel-el-Kebir

total medals
numbers:1058*181076*
 

*does not include 5 medals marked as "forfeited" but does include 3 medals marked "forfeited - no trace of return"

 
1884 Campaign
  

clasp:

The Nile 1884-85

Abu Klea

Kirbekan

    total medals     

numbers:

?24??**
  

** The Regimental History (Vale) states total strength in Egypt, August 1884 as 590

 
1885 Campaign

clasp:

Suakin 1885

Tofrek

 

numbers:

1***1*** 

*** Original roll not sighted but J. V. Webb's transcription "The Abu Klea Medal Rolls" has a chapter titled "odd men and small detachments at Suakin 1885" included  is one South Staffordshire Regiment man with Suakin 1885 & Tofrek  : 1008 Sgt. T. Dawson. (battalion not shown)

 

  

Recipients also entitled to a Khedive's Star  matching their first campaign, dated 1882 or 1884-6 as appropriate.

 
 
 

Anglo-Boer War 1899 - 1902 1st Battalion and 3rd & 4th Militia Battalions.

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902, with or without the King's South Africa Medal 1901 - 1902

Common clasps: Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902; also:

 
1st  Battalion & 4th Militia Battalion*. (3rd not eligible for Wittebergen clasp)
clasp;

Wittebergen

numbers;?
 

* The Regimental History (Vale) records 512 medals to the 4th

 

1st Battalion Casualties:
OfficersNCOs and Men
KIA & DOWWoundedMissing / POWKIA & DOWDeath from disease WoundedMissing / POW
 
44-1678562

 

 
 
 

The Great War 1914 - 1918  (18 battalions; 12 served overseas:- )

Generally awarded the British War Medal & Victory Medal, men overseas prior to 1/1/1916 also a 1914 or 1914-15 Star.

Battalion →1* 241/51/62/52/6789121
Garrison
date of first overseas service.
 (first theatre red x )
7/10
1914
13/8
1914
10/10
1917
3/3
1915
3/3
1915
?/4
1916
?/4
1916
7/8
1915
14/7
1915
24/8
1915
?/6
1916
?/1
1917
France & Flandersxxxxxxxxxxx 
Gallipoli       x    
Egypt & Palestine   xx  x    
Italyx        x  
India           x
Ireland     xx     
Star
possible ?
1914 or 1914-15 xx          
or 1914-15 only   xx  xxx  
             
died (all)
Extracted from : "Soldiers / Officers Died in the Great War" (consider approximate - in addition 66 officers are recorded with "battalion not shown" and 55 more officers with  the 3rd, 10th & 11th battalions who died while attached to various units )
1261 1212**
286
6806511443686646341691421
 

* The first battalion was in South Africa when war broke out and returned first to the UK
** Figure is distorted by a disproportionate number of officers (29/40) of the 4th Btn. killed while attached to other units.

RegularTerritorial ForceNew ArmiesGarrison.
 

Territorial Force War Medal 1914-19
78 officers and men of the South Staffordshire Regiment also qualified for this medal.

 
 
 

Jewish / Arab Unrest, Palestine 1936 - 39 1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 -62

clasp:

Palestine

numbers:?
 
 
 
 

WW2 1939 - 1945  battalions that served overseas

Battalion →1st2nd1/6th2/6th7th15th
Theatre ↓      
France and
Belgium 1940.
(Dunkirk )
  x   
Middle Eastx     
North Africa x    
Burmax     
Sicily / Italy x    
N.W. Europe xxxx 
 

Notes.

 Long Range Penetration Force, Burma (Chindits).
 1 VC for Burma ops.
Served 1st Air Landing Brigade Arnhem.
2 VCs for Arnhem.
Successfully evacuated from Dunkirk 6/1940  Garrison duty Faroe Islands
 

WW2 Stars common to the Battalion (excluding 39-45 star)
 Key: A = Africa, P = Pacific, B =  Burma, I = Italy,  F&G = France and Germany

  B.A, I, F&GF&GF&GF&G 
       
 

 Most also entitled to the 1939-45 War Medal and many the Defence Medal

 
 
1948; 1st and 2nd Battalions amalgamated into the "1st Battalion The South Staffordshire Regiment"
 

 Canal Zone 1951 - 1954 1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 -62

clasp:

Canal Zone

numbers:?
 
 
 

The Cyprus Emergency 1955 - 1960  1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918-62

clasp:

Cyprus

numbers:?
 
 

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 errors & omissions? please email us.

 

 

Links

The Regimental Museum. next door to Whittington Barracks on the A51 between Lichfield and Tamworth

County location map, archives and genealogy
 
 

Selected Bibliography; The South Staffordshire Regiment / 38th & 80th Regiments of Foot

 
AuthorTitlePublisher
Vale, W.L. Col.History of the South Staffordshire RegimentGale & Polden, Aldershot 1969
Hope R.A Staffordshire Regiment in the Crimea - 38th Regiment of Foot (330pp)?
Jones, James P.A History of the South Staffordshire Regiment 1705 - 1923Whitehead Bros. Ltd, Wolverhampton. nd [1923]
Page, Malcolm The South Staffordshire Regiment. ? 1953
Wylly, C.H. et alHistorical Records of the 1st King's Own Stafford Militia, now 3rd and 4th Battalions, South Staffordshire Regiment.The Johnson's Head, Lichfield 1902
Anderson, A. L. K.The Unbreakable Coil  (2nd Btn Oct-Dec 1914)Whitehead Bros. Ltd, Wolverhampton. nd [1923]
Ashcroft, A. H. The History of the Seventh South Staffordshire Regiment.Boyle, Son & Watchurst Ltd. London 1919

 

 Bibliography for this page.

 
Author/CompilerTitlePublisher
Officers of the Regiment.Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc.-
Anon.The Army of the Sutlej Casualty Roll. 
Webb, J. V.The Abu Klea Medal Rolls.The Author 1981
Anon.Soldiers Died in the Great War Part 42 The South Staffordshire RegimentHMSO London 1921
Harfield, Alan.British & Indian Armies in the East Indies 1685-1935Picton Publishing, Chippenham, 1984
Forsyth, D. R. South African War Medal Roll 1877 - 8 - 9Roberts Publications Ltd. (nd).
Stiles, Richard G. M. L.Mayhem in the Med, A Chronicle of the Cyprus Emergency 1955-60Savannah Publications, London 2005
   
 and other sources as listed on the Northumberland Fusiliers page  
 

 

16/05/2007

 

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