"Headress Badges of the British Army", Kipling and King
"Highland regiments have always had close family connections. The Seaforth have the stag's head and motto Cuidich'n Righ (Help to the King). The motto is that of the Clan MacKenzie and it is said to have been given, together with the badge of the stag's head, to the founder of the Clan in recognition of his saving King Alexander II of Scotland from the attack of a wounded stag. For many years the second word of the motto was spelt Rhi but it was amended to the correct spelling in 1869."
 

Medals of the Regiments:
The Seaforth Highlanders

 
  
Seaforth Highlanders Cap Badge5th Seaforth Highlanders Badge
 
The Seaforth Highlanders Cap Badge.5th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders.

Images Copyright

Many thanks to Richard Pearson OMRS 2176 for correcting errors and providing missing figures from his own study of the Seaforths primary material.

 

  The Seaforth Highlanders
1778 - 1961
 
 
 
Titles
pre 1881post 1881

72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)
 Regiment of Foot

1st Battalion the Seaforth Highlanders
 (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's)

78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
 (The Ross-shire Buffs)

2nd Battalion the Seaforth Highlanders
(Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's)

 
Earliest recognised formation: 72nd Foot: 1778, 78th Foot: 1793.
 
Motto: Cuidich'n Righ = Help the King N  (Gaelic)  (5th Btn, "Sans Peur" = Fearless)
 
Regimental Journal:  Cabar Feidh
 
WWI:Battle Honours; 60Victoria Crosses; 7Died; 8,830
WWII:    Battle Honours; 25Victoria Crosses;  0Died; ????
 
Amalgamated:1961, with The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders to form "The Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons)".
 
 
 
 

Second Mahratta War 1803-05. 78th Regiment

Army of India Medal 1799 - 1826

Clasp: →

Assye

Argaum

Gawilghur

 353422
 

Note: a "survivors only" medal issued many years after the campaign, hence the low numbers.

 

 
 
 

Peninsula War 1808 - 1814 78th Regiment  (72nd Regiment = no qualifying service)

Military General Service Medal 1793 - 1814 clasps:

Total MedalsMax clasps

Maida

Corunna

Java

Vittoria

18529711071
 

Note: another "survivors only" medal issued many years after the campaign, hence the low numbers.

 

 
 
 

Battle of Waterloo 1815 78th Regiment 

Waterloo Medal 1815

number:4
 

The four gentlemen in question are: : Capt. Stephen Holmes,  Sgt. William Mackay,  Pte. Laughlin Machean  and  Pte. John MacDonald.

 

 
 
 

First Kaffir War 1834 - 1835 72nd Regiment.

South Africa Medal 1834-53

number:138
 
 
 
 
 
 

Crimean War  1854 - 1856 72nd Regiment 

Crimea Medal 1854 -56

 
clasp: →..none...

Sebastopol

Total Medals
number: 1 (or 2) 868  869
 
 

Battle Casualties;

 

Action.KilledDangerously
Wounded
Severely
Wounded
Slightly
Wounded
Total
First Attack on the Redan-1113
Final Attack on the Redan1-91121
2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th Bombardments of Sebastopol and Minor Actions.5361731

Grand Total:      

55

Men who served in the Crimea also eligible for:

Turkish Crimea Medal 1855

 
 
 
 

Anglo-Persian War 1856 - 1857 78th Regiment

India General Service Medal 1854

Clasp: →

Persia

Number:900
 

 

 
 
 

India Mutiny 1857 

India Mutiny Medal. 1857 -59

72nd Regiment
Clasp →...none...

Defence of Lucknow

Relief of Lucknow

Lucknow

Central India

Number:10---657
 
78th Regiment
Number:121640358550-
 
 
 
 
 

Afghan War 1878

Afghanistan Medal 1878  -1880

72nd Regiment
Clasp →...none...

Peiwar Kotal

Charasia

Kabul

Kandahar

total medals
Number893898027537861132
78th Regiment
Number766 ----766
       
 

General Roberts' march, Kabul to Kandahar 9-31 August 1880  ( 72nd Regiment only)

Kabul to Kandahar Star 1880

72nd Regiment
790

notes.

 

 

 
1881:  The 72nd & 78th Foot Regiments are now titled 1st and 2nd Battalions, The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-Shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's)
 

Egypt Campaign 1882 1st and part of 2nd Battalion.

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89

  
Clasp:...none...

Tel-el-Kebir

1st Battalion
number:56564
2nd Battalion
number:4197
 

Recipients also entitled to a Khedive's Star dated 1882

 

 

 
 
 

Black Mountain Expeditions 1888 and 1891. 2nd Battalion

India General Service Medal 1854

clasp:

Hazara 1888

Hazara 1891

number:621* 685**
 

*1 as a further clasp    **393 as further clasps.

 

 
 
 

The Relief of Chitral, North West Frontier 1895 2nd Battalion

India Medal 1895

clasp:

Relief of Chitral

number:826
 
 
 
 
 

Reconquest of the Sudan 1896 - 98 1st Battalion

Queen's Sudan Medal 1896 - 98

number: 991

Khedive's Sudan Medal 1896 - 1908

clasp :

The Atbara

Khartoum

number: 883*836**
 

* 155 as single clasp medals ** 108 as single clasp medals, (two clasps: 728)

 
 
 
 
 

Anglo-Boer War 1899 - 1902 2nd Battalion (Nov 1899- end of the war) with 3 companies provided from the volunteer battalions.

Queen's South Africa Medal 1899-1902, with or without the King's South Africa Medal 1901 - 1902

Common clasps: Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902; and or:

 
clasp:

Paardeberg

Driefontein

Wittebergen

number:769 574867*
 

*88 to men of the 1st Volunteer Coy.

 
 
 
 

Garrison & Guard Duty, ( Boer prisoners of war) Gibraltar and Malta etc., 1899 - 1902  (Militia Battalions)

Queen's Mediterranean Medal 1899 -1902

 
Number:784
 
 
 
 
 

Mohmand Expedition, North West Frontier 1908 1st Battalion

India General Service Medal 1908

clasp:
North West Frontier 1908
number:782
 
 
 
 

Abor Expedition 1911-12 1st Battalion odd men

India General Service Medal 1908

clasp:

Abor 1911-12

number:11
 
 
 
 
 

The Great War 1914 - 1918     17 battalions,  9 served overseas:

Generally awarded the British War Medal & Victory Medal, men overseas prior to 1/1/1916 also a 1914 or 1914-15 Star.

  Battalion →1*21/41/51/67891
Garrison
date of first overseas service.
 (first theatre red x )
12/10
1914
22/8
1914
7/11
1914
2/5
1915
2/5
1915
?/5
1915
?/7
1915
10/5
1915
 
France & Flandersxxxxxxxx 
Mesopotamiax        
Egypt & Palestinex        
Macedonia        x
          
Star
possible ?
1914 or 1914-15 xxx      
or 1914-15 only   xxxxx 
          
died
Extracted from : "Soldiers / Officers Died in the Great War" (consider approximate, in addition 100 officers  are recorded with 'battalion not shown' )
10591402105091311411105116433829
 

Territorial Force War Medal 1914 - 1919
63 officers and men of the Seaforth Highlanders qualified for this medal.

* 1st Battalion in India at the start, moved to the UK.

RegularTerritorial ForceNew ArmiesGarrison.
 
 
 

Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions 1930 -1931. 2nd Battalion.

India General Service Medal 1908

clasp:
North West Frontier 1930-31
number:?
 
 
 
 
 

Jewish / Arab Unrest, Palestine 1936 - 39  1st  Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 - 62

clasp:

Palestine

number:?
 
 
 
 
 
 

WW2 1939 - 1945  battalions that served overseas

Battalion →1st2nd4th5th6th7th 
Theatre ↓ 
France and
Belgium 1940.
(Dunkirk )
 x
Surrendered: St. Valery 12/6/40
x
Surrendered: St. Valery 12/6/40
xx  
North Africa x x   
  Egypt & Middle East x xx  
Burmax      
Sicily / Italy x xx  
N.W. Europe x xxx 
 

Notes.

 1st Ind Inf Bde 23 Inf Div 9/5/42 - endReformed Aug 1940 Absorbed elements of the 4th that had avoided capture at Valery17th Inf. Bde. 30/3/40- end.
Successfully evacuated from Dunkirk 31/5/1940
Also served 'Operation Ironclad' Madagascar 5/5/42-10/6/42
  
 

WW2 Stars common to the Battalion. (excluding 39-45 star )
 Key:   A = Africa,   I = Italy,    F&G = France and Germany   B =  Burma.

 BA, I, F&G A, I, F&G I, F&GF&G 
 

 Most also entitled to the 1939-45 War Medal and many the Defence Medal

 
 
UK Honours and Awards WW2 (Totals, all battalions)Victoria CrossDistinguished Service OrderMilitary CrossDistinguished Conduct MedalMilitary MedalOrder of the BathOrder of the British Empire
 all classes
0246419116251

 

 
 
 

Re-establishment of order post WW2, South East Asia 1945 -46 1st Battalion

General Service Medal 1918 - 62

clasp:
S.E. Asia 1945 -46
number:?
 
 
 
 
 

The Malaya Emergency: Operations against Communist insurgents. 1948-60 1st Battalion (1948-50)

General Service Medal 1918 - 62

  
clasp:

Malaya

number:?
 
 
 
 

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Crimean War Medal Clasp SebastopolBritish Crimea Medal

Above, Crimea Medal  1854 clasp Sebastopol.  As issued to the 72nd Regiment.

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Links

The Regimental Museum. (Info.only - no website 6/5/07. Located in Fort George  near Inverness)

 
 

Selected Bibliography; The Seaforth Highlanders / 72nd and 78th Foot Regiments

 
AuthorTitlePublisher
Cannon, Richard.Historical Record of the Seventy-Second Regiment, or the Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders. (Cannon's historical records series)Parker, Furnivall & Parker, London 1848
Anon.Historical Records of the 72nd Highlanders, now 1st Battalion Seaforth Highlanders 1777-1886William Blackwood and Sons Edinburgh. 1886.
MacVeigh, James.The Jubilee Memorial. The Historical Records of the 78th Highlanders or Ross-Shire Buffs. (now the 2nd battalion Seaforth Highlanders) from 1793 to 1887.J. Maxwell & Son, Dumfries. 1887
Davidson, H. Major.History and Services of the 78th Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs) 1793 - 1881 (two vols)W. & A. K. Johnson Edinburgh  1901
Walker, F. W. The Great Deeds of the Seaforth Highlanders (The story of the regiments series )J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd, London (1916)
Davidson, H. Major [Ed.]The Seaforth Highlanders; South Africa 1899-1902.W. & A. K. Johnson, Edinburgh  1904
Sym,  John M. [Ed.]Seaforth Highlanders.Gale and Polden Ltd. 1962
Egerton, GranvilleWith the 72nd Highlanders in the Sudan CampaignEden Fisher & Co ltd. London 1909
Addison-Smith, C. L. Lt-Col.10th Battalion The Seaforth Highlanders in the Great WarJ. Bain & Sons, Edinburgh 1927
Haldane, M. M. A History of the Fourth Battalion The Seaforth Highlanders. With some account of the Military Annals of Ross, the Fencibles, the Volunteers, and the Home Defence and Reserve Battalions 1914-19.H.F. & G. Witherby, London 1928
Sutherland D. Capt.War Diary of the 5th Seaforth Highlanders, 51st Highland Division.John Lane, The Bodley Head, London 1920
Borthwick, Alastair.Sans Peur. The History of the 5th (Caithness and Sutherland) Battalion The Seaforth Highlanders 1942-1945Eneas Mackay, Stirling. 1946
   

 

Additional bibliography for this page.

 
Author/CompilerTitlePublisher
Officers of the Regiment.Unpublished rolls in the care of the National Archives; WO 100/ etc.-
 The Waterloo Medal Roll 
Anon.Soldiers Died in the Great War, Part 64;  The Seaforth Highlanders.HMSO 1921
Everson, G. R. The South Africa 1853 Medal Samson Books London 1978
Cook, Frank & Andrea.Casualty Roll for the CrimeaHaywood & Son 1976
   
 and other sources as listed on the Northumberland Fusiliers page  
 

 

16/05/2007

 

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The Seaforth Highlanders wore a pair badges on each collar from 1882

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